SAIIA Research Reports are fairly lengthy analytical papers, usually reflecting on and analysing the findings of field research. Included among these are various historical series, such as the Business in Africa series, the Trade Policy Report series, and the Parliaments of the South Report series.
SAIIA also produces research collections on specific topics such as health, investment, regional integration and global economic governance. These are usually linked to stand-alone projects undertaken by the Institute.
NeST Working Paper, March 2017
In September 2015 the Network of Southern Think Tanks (NeST) published its first working document based on the initial technical workshops held in South Africa in 2015 to develop a common conceptual and analytical framework for South–South cooperation (SSC). Following consultations with broader stakeholders throughout 2016, as well as tests of the framework through various field-based SSC case studies, Southern experts and researchers came together again a year later in Mexico City to revisit the monitoring and evaluation framework for SSC. This paper summarises the outcome of the NeST technical workshop held in Mexico in September 2016, where different country and regional experiences were drawn upon to fine-tune, simplify and update the NeST analytical framework. The framework now presents a new set of 20 indicators, organised in five dimensions, which researchers, evaluators and policymakers can use to assess the quality and effectiveness of SSC and its contribution to sustainable development.
SAIIA Research Report No 24, November 2016
As the global development landscape continues to evolve, new and emerging actors – countries transitioning from being aid recipients to aid providers – are becoming increasingly visible on the global scene. Although the approaches, interests and resources of emerging donors are far from uniform, their increasing presence in global development – particularly in fragile and conflict-affected settings – could create new ways of thinking about foreign aid and contribute to more horizontal, equitable and efficient practices. The rise of these donors also poses challenges: their compliance with international standards in development assistance, the effectiveness of their aid and the inclusivity of their efforts have often been questioned.
SAIIA Research Report No 23, March 2016
One of the most effective global governance regimes of the post-World War II period that has received very little attention over the years is the Antarctic Treaty. Driven by Cold War pressures and a failure to regulate multiple and overlapping land claims in Antarctica, the US initiated a process that led to the 1959 Antarctic Treaty (the Treaty). Of the 50 Treaty members, 29 (including South Africa) are 'consultative parties' with voting rights. The Treaty provides for inspections and stipulates, inter alia, that Antarctica should remain a zone of peace and scientific enquiry, setting to the one side existing territorial claims. Furthermore, under the Madrid Protocol (which came into force in 1998), mineral exploration is prohibited until at least 2048. Although the Treaty is regarded as generally successful, it is in need of reform, in particular as regards its twotier membership structure and the non-applicability of its provisions to non-members. Other threats to the Treaty include possible mineral exploration, biological prospecting, unsustainable levels of commercial fishing (legal and illegal) and mass tourism.
SAIIA Research Report No 22, February 2016
Governance and APRM Programme
Africa’s turn to electoral democracy over the past three decades has rightly been hailed as a significant achievement, but it has not rid the continent of restrictive and authoritarian governance impulses. This report attempts to interrogate the concept of ‘freedom’ and how it is faring in Africa. To do so, it conceptualises freedom in terms of ‘constitutional liberalism’, and discusses this conceptualisation in relation to two broad themes: constitutionalism and civil liberties.
SAIIA Report, December 2015
This collection of papers is a combined initiative of EPF member think tanks and is the result of two round-table discussions under the Regional Integration research stream. The first event, ‘Drivers of Regional Integration’, took place in Cape Town, 25-27 November 2014; the second, ‘Regional Integration and Regional Value Chains’ was held in Moscow, 21 May 2015.
SAIIA Research Report No 20, August 2015
Governance of Africa's Resources Programme
Botswana is at a critical historical juncture. It has enjoyed a stable democracy since 1965 and strong, quality economic growth for the last few decades. However, the diamond revenues on which the country depends are likely to decline in the near future. Economic diversification is therefore a pressing policy concern.
SAIIA Report No 19, September 2015
Economic Diplomacy Programme
International trade has changed dramatically since the 1980s. Due to enormous reductions in transportation and communications costs, as well as the worldwide liberalisation of trade in goods and – to a lesser extent – services, production processes have been fragmented while value chains have gone global. Some observers now speak of global production networks.
Foreign direct investment (FDI) has been a hot topic in South Africa, following the government's unilateral cancellation of bilateral investment treaties (BITs) with the European Union and the release of the draft Promotion and Protection of Investment Bill. But what is FDI, and why is it important? What are the other issues at play in the region when it comes to investment?
The BRICS alliance seems to have yielded limited tangible economic benefits for South Africa. Should South Africa therefore explore alternative groupings in global economic governance fora? A new set of papers has been commissioned by SAIIA on the theme 'South Africa Beyond BRICS', looking at just such a question.
SAIIA Report No 18, January 2015
Governance and APRM Programme
Regional integration has long been recognised as an important vehicle for Africa’s development; currently, the African Union (AU) officially intends achieving a continent-wide common market by 2023 and a currency union by 2018. One of the goals of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), the continent’s indigenous governance assessment system, is to promote regional integration. The enquiries it has made into the integration attempts and experiences of the 19 countries that have undergone review so far provide valuable new insights.
In 2011, the SADC Secretariat in collaboration with Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) initiated a research and dialogue project to identify the most significant constraints to doing business in the SADC region. The idea was to make these more tangible – beyond the desk research stage, by conducting firm-level case studies on the identified constraints.
Green economic growth is constructed around six main sectors: green or renewables energies; green and energyefficient buildings; clean transportation; water management and conservation; waste management, including recycling; and land management, including multiple land use.
Green energy, though, is at the heart of the green economy in the 21st Century. The threat of disruptive climate change has directed attention on the central role that energy plays in shaping the future interaction between humankind and the natural resources on which it is dependant. It is vital that renewable energy sources and green industries become more competitive relative to the entrenched fossil fuels, thus enhancing the attractiveness of investing in the green economy.
SAIIA Report No 15, January 2014
Governance and APRM Programme
This case study of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) seeks to examine the lessons it holds about South–South knowledge exchange, South–South co-operation (SSC), capacity development and development effectiveness. The report is based on desk research, personal interviews and an online survey.
SAIIA Report No 14, November 2013
Governance of Africa's Resources Programme
Despite their well-researched and widely recognised socioeconomic and ecological value, mangroves are among the world’s most threatened vegetation types. More than a fifth of the world’s mangroves have been lost over the past 30 years alone, and many of the remaining forests are degraded. The depletion of mangroves in many developing countries in particular is a cause for serious environmental and economic concern.
As South Africa gears up to host the Fifth Annual BRICS Summit next month, SAIIA has released a comprehensive new BRICS Guide to help observers understand the dynamics at play.
SAIIA Report No 11, July 2012
The report provides a political economy analysis of the trade in tropical timber from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to and through Uganda via the Northern Transit Corridor. The study focuses on international, regional and local demand-side drivers for tropical timber exports from the eastern DRC to and through Uganda.
SAIIA Report No 10, March 2012
The report investigates the political impacts that oil is likely to have on Uganda. It argues that oil production will have transformative effects on Uganda's local, national and regional political relations.
To better understand these impacts, the report attempts to contextualise oil developments within a historical perspective. Since gaining independence from colonial rule in 1962, Uganda's military forces have played a significant role in politics. This is evidenced by a history of military-led coups, and by the survival in office of several post-independence presidents being dependent on creating a support base in the defence forces. In addition to the role the military has played in politics, the country has experienced several cases of armed insurgency and civil war.
SAIIA Research Report No 9, October 2011
Lake Victoria supports one of the largest freshwater fisheries in the world. It is a critical source of food and income for the countries bordering the lake: Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. However, like so many fisheries, the sustainability of this resource is threatened by poor governance, a rapid increase in fishing pressure and widespread illegal practices. This study focuses on Uganda’s Lake Victoria Nile perch fishery. Nile perch is a highvalue species that dominates Uganda’s fish exports, which are the country’s second largest foreign-exchange earner after coffee.
SAIIA Research Report No 8, February 2011
This study examines the impact of the financial crisis and of G-20 reform on trade in financial services in the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, focusing specifically on corporate, trade and project finance from the standpoint of the biggest banks in South Africa. The objective is to understand the effects, if any, on the SADC services negotiations, taking Botswana as a case study.
SAIIA Research Report, No 7, February 2010
Despite its relatively nascent operations, commercial mining is becoming a significant contributor to the Tanzanian economy and has the potential to become more so. While mining’s contribution to Tanzania’s gross domestic product (GDP) is a relatively modest 2.3%, its export value constitutes some 45% of foreign earnings. Moreover, the government has set a target for the sector of a 10% contribution to GDP by 2025. Africa’s third-largest gold producer after South Africa and Ghana, Tanzania is also endowed with significant diamond, gemstone and nickel deposits.
SAIIA Research Report, No 6, February 2010
The Southern African Development Community (SADC) region offers useful lessons about governance in transboundary river basins. Given the high number of rivers that cross international political boundaries in the region, combined with the fact that the SADC Water Protocol provides a regional legal framework around which to develop robust water resources governance systems, this report shows how institutions grow incrementally over time. The global norm is that most transboundary rivers that have more than two riparians are governed by a regime that does not include all riparian states.