SAIIA publishes various books and monographs. You can filter these books by topic, region, country or programme using the filters to the right.
This book critically investigates the expanding involvement of a leading emerging power, Brazil, in one of Africa’s fastest growing economies, Mozambique. It looks at the dynamics of Brazilian development assistance, its flagship engagement in Mozambique’s agricultural and resource sector and the burgeoning social ties that bind them together.
Three years of international research in Europe and the BICS countries (Brazil, India, China and South Africa) has resulted in a new book, 'Challenges of European External Energy Governance with Emerging Powers'. The chapter 'South Africa-EU energy governance: tales of path dependency, regional power, and decarbonisation' was authored by SAIIA Senior Researcher, Dr Agathe Maupin.
Global energy consumption will increase rapidly in the next decade. The current core energy production sites in the world economy are unlikely to be able to supply this increasing demand. A new book, containing chapters from SAIIA researchers Dr Ana Alves and Dr Agathe Maupin, looks at Sub-Saharan Africa's potential energy resources in this light.
(Portuguese) China’s rising position in African affairs, from that of quiescence to open activism at the centre stage of events, is changing the dynamics of the international system. Since the onset of the domestic reform process starting in 1978, Maoist faith and revolutionary altruism have given way to the consciously self-interested commercial entrepreneurs and advocates of forms of market capitalism. The emergence of China as Africa’s top trading partner and leading source of foreign direct investment in 2009, surpassing the United States and key European Union states still struggling in the aftermath of the global financial crisis, has sharpened the focus on Chinese aspiration and conduct in Africa. Two-way trade is surging, from just over $1 billion in 2000 to US$155 billion in 2010. African leaders have recognized, perhaps belatedly in some cases, the necessity of closer ties with the rising economic giant, calling for a concerted effort to better understand and utilize the opportunities presented by China.
The outcome of the Busan High Level Forum on Aid Effectiveness was significant because it sought to bridge the divide between North–South and South–South co-operation, notwithstanding the existing divergent views each side held on the issue. Busan responded to the changing development landscape, in which South–South cooperation was becoming increasingly important, by agreeing to establish a new Global Partnership for Effective Development Co-operation that would also see the phasing out of the Working Party on Aid Effectiveness.
A new book called 'Development Co-operation and Emerging Powers: New Partners or Old Patterns' explores the development policies of Brazil, China, India, Mexico and South Africa. The volume positions the case studies in the context of the way in which South–South co-operation has evolved and the lessons learnt from traditional forms of aid. Against the background of the changes in the international system of development co-operation, the book also discusses the possibility for convergence or conflict in this transitional phase of the architecture of development co-operation.
Chapter contributed by Elizabeth Sidiropoulos: Emerging ‘Donor’, Geopolitical Actor: South Africa in the Global Terrain
An active participant in the various global debates and motivated by a desire to address global inequalities and power imbalances in rule-making, South Africa seeks to balance its domestic imperatives with an enlightened developmentally-minded foreign policy where Africa is the priority. Since 1994 South Africa has initiated many activities that may be described as development cooperation. However, with the exception of the African Renaissance Fund (ARF), it has lacked an overarching architecture for its assistance, which has been fragmented among various departments and agencies with very little coherence, bar their focus on Africa.
A new book released by the South African Institute of International Affairs and published by Jacana Media examines the governance success stories of a number of African states. Entitled "African Solutions: Best Practices from the African Peer Review Mechanism", the book is the outcome of research into the policies, programmes and experiences identified as "best practices" from the first 12 countries that published Country Review Reports (CRRs) under the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM). These countries are Algeria, Benin, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Kenya, Lesotho, Mali, Mozambique, Nigeria, Rwanda, South Africa and Uganda. The APRM was conceived as a voluntary mechanism and, in the absence of 'hard pressure' for compliance, incentives - rather than sanctions - could be the way to strengthen governance on the continent.
Opposition parties are vital to the functioning of democracies as they provide a representative system of the electorate while keeping ruling parties accountable. Through this important legislative role, the political system gains legitimacy. However, opposition parties across the Southern African region confront many challenges in their attempt to function effectively, which often results in incumbent parties growing increasingly arrogant, centralising power, failing to distinguish between party and state interests and ignoring constructive criticism from the opposition and broader civil society.
Against All Odds: Opposition Political Parties in Southern Africa is the latest publication from KMM Review Publishing Company in association with the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA).
During the 17th African Union Summit in tropical Malabo, Equatorial Guinea from 23 June to 1 July 2011, governance will once again come under the spotlight. On 29 June, the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) Forum of Heads of State and Government convene, where Zambia is set to become the 15th country to be peer reviewed, a revised APRM Questionnaire is being considered, and many states will report on implementing their National Programmes of Action. Governance gaps will also be considered in Midrand, South Africa on 28 June, when the APRM Monitoring Project (AMP) – run jointly by SAIIA, the Centre for Policy Studies (CPS) and the Africa Governance, Monitoring and Advocacy Project (AfriMAP)– will launch its independent assessment of governance in South Africa entitled “Implementing the APRM: Views from Civil Society”.
Born out of the optimism at the new millennium that Africa’s time had come, the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), a tool designed to promote good governance on the continent, is built on the belief that the continent does not lack ideas to advance its development, but that states have struggled to live up to their principles and implement their policies. The APRM rests on the fundamental belief that good governance is a precondition for taking Africa out of its spiral of conflict, underdevelopment, poverty and increasing marginalisation in a globalised world.
Looking in the rear-view mirror almost a decade after the APRM was first conceived, Grappling with Governance: Perspectives on the African Peer Review Mechanism explores how this complex process has evolved from theory to practice in a variety of contexts. In a combination of case studies and transversal analysis, multiple voices from different African civil society actors — mainly analysts, activists and journalists — examine the process from their specialised perspective. The chapters tease out what can be learned about governance in Africa from these experiences, and the extent to which the APRM has changed the way that governments and civil society groups engage.
The long-awaited Copenhagen summit on climate change gave to the world a broad political agreement, but without any teeth. Meanwhile concerns over the climate change agenda finding its way into the multilateral trading system are growing, at a time when the trading system is struggling to find its own feet.
South Africa’s economy, and by extension Southern Africa’s economy, is based on resource production and to some extent beneficiation, in turn dependent on cheap energy. Its international visibility — not least in climate change negotiations — means that it may be in line for imposition of trade policy measures on its carbon-intensive exports.
Edited by Victoria Ayer, Mario Claasen and Carmen Alpín-Lardíes (Idasa & ANSA-Africa, 2010), Social Accountability in Africa: Practitioners’ Experiences and Lessons is a collection of case studies from Africa on social accountability.
This collection attempts to build a consolidated body of knowledge on social accountability efforts across the continent. The case studies are diverse and present unique approaches to how social accountability strategies and interventions are implemented within different countries. SAIIA was commissioned to undertake the initial research, editing and management of this book.
South Africa has done much in the 15 years since the fall of apartheid to establish its leadership on the continent. It has been a constant architect of Africa’s new peace and security architecture and an advocate of new diplomatic norms. Whether South Africa has succeeded in meeting its goals as Africa’s mediator and the ambitious aspirations shared by African heads of state and intellectuals following its transition to democracy is debatable.
This crucial volume draws lessons for African conflict mediation from the experiences of its foremost practitioner, South Africa, in four of the continent’s most complex theatres: Burundi, the Democratic Republic of Congo, Côte d’Ivoire, and Sudan, focussing on the Mbeki years (1999–2008), but also examining the possibilities arising from Jacob Zuma’s leadership of the country. The standpoints come from a variety of experts in the field, from practitioners to academics, and the diverse perspectives and voices throw light on both South Africa’s successes and weaknesses in its role in the African Renaissance.
Co-published with the Institute for Global Dialogue
Somaliland has been described as an ‘inspiring story of resilience and reconstruction, and a truly African Renaissance, that has many lessons to teach the rest of Africa and the international community’.
This study seeks to identify some of those lessons, particularly those pertaining to Somaliland’s sustained efforts to create internal unity and gain regional and international recognition.
Based on extensive research in Somaliland, as well as a wealth of experience in the wider region, this book provides a vivid insight into this intriguing tale of reconciliation, reconstruction, religion, and recognition.
This book comes at an important time in the development of Southern Africa's trade policy. Trade policy and trade performance are important elements in the region's growth and development strategies, but the future is becoming ever more uncertain.This is partly because regional trade policy is now almost entirely dictated by often-erratic trade negotiations processes: there is no clear unilateral thrust. Most agree that external influences in the form of economic partnership agreement (EPA) negotiations with the EU and the World Trade Organisation's floundering Doha Round have the potential to significantly alter the region's trade policy landscape, but few are willing to predict precisely how.
Given South Africa's importance to its immediate sub region and the broader SADC region, it is incumbent upon all interested parties to better understand South Africa's shifting priorities and future policy thrusts, and what implications these might have for countries in the region. This book admirably delivers such insights in the trade policy field. Beginning with an authoritative overview of the political economy of trade and investment policy reform in developing countries since the 1980s, the book then delves into the South African experience post-1994, after which it analyses the potential implications for South Africa's customs union partners (Botswana, Lesotho, Namibia and Swaziland) of South Africa's trade and industrial policy choices.
The creation of regional bodies such as the African Union, the New Partnership for Africa`s Development, the Southern African Customs Union and the East African Community has renewed interest in the viability of regional integration. These bodies hold the possibility for renewed economic development and political cooperation. Central to this are two questions: first, are integration efforts capable of boosting equitable inter- and intra-regional trade flows; and secondly, are they sustainable?
Since 1994, South Africa firms have emerged as some of the largest investors in the rest of Africa. Present in a wide range of sectors across the continent, they have been involved in changing not only Africa's cityscapes and societies, but also, significantly, the conduct of business in the region.
This volume draws together authors from different parts of the world who are keenly interested in the development of Africa's private sector. Based in part on the research that the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) has conducted on the experiences of South African companies in 9 countries across the continent, the volume takes as its standpoint the view that sustainable development in Africa can only be achieved if the private sector is allowed to flourish. Highlighting the importance of public-private partnership in achieving this vision, it offers recommendations on how to strengthen the private sector in Africa for policy-makers interested in the continent's development.
In the past decade South Africa has seen an exponential growth in cash-in-transit robberies, vehicle hijacking, illicit drug trade and white-collar crime, among others. The level of skill in the planning and execution of these organised criminal acts is creating considerable problems for the police, prosecutors, financial institutions and private security companies.
How can we, individually and collectively, strengthen parliamentary democracy in SADC countries? This Handbook is one product of a SAIIA four-year research, publication, conference and workshop programme designed to assist in this process.
A plethora of factors conspire to make Southern Africa unable to feed its population leading, in some cases, to excessive reliance on donor food aid. In particular, the poor adoption of modern farming techniques constitutes a serious challenge to African agriculture in general. This situation is untenable especially at a time when agricultural biotechnology is being increasingly used to bolster food production in a number of countries across the world. While this technology is not a panacea, its contribution could go a long way towards alleviating the effects of climate induced droughts and concomitant human starvation.
Yet this is highly contested terrain. The polarized global debate over the safety of genetically modified organisms (GM) and their products to human health and the environment negatively affects SADC countries' uptake of this technology. Apart from safety concerns these countries have been careful to take regulatory measures that would not offend their powerful external trading partners, especially in the European Union.
Owing to divergence in views between the Southern African Customs Union (SACU) and the United States of America (US), the realisation of a free trade agreement (FTA) is now a longer-term goal than was intended when the negotiations were launched in 2003. The parties decided to lower the ambition from that of immediately attaining a comprehensive agreement to that of initially establishing a Trade and Investment Cooperation Agreement (TICA) when it became clear that a FTA could not be reached before the expiry of the US Trade Promotion Authority in 2007.
As such the TICA framework only represents a change of method and not of objective. In terms of the new approach, the parties aim to conclude memoranda of understanding in certain areas that are typically included in an FTA like customs cooperation; trade facilitation; and even on some challenging issues like intellectual property, and investment promotion and protection. Ultimately the parties hope to resume actual FTA talks once critical differences have been ironed-out.
The African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) is an innovative approach to improving African governance. It offers important opportunities for public dialogue but has proved politically and logistically challenging. The first in-depth study of the APRM, this ground-breaking book analyses the evolving peer review process in the first five countries.
The product of a five-year research and training programme, it combines in-depth analysis of the APRM rules with an insightful evaluation of the political and social dynamics. Drawing on extensive interviews across the continent, it offers sounds recommendations to strengthen the process and deepen public participation. An invaluable resource for civil society and governments, this volume includes an interactive APRM Toolkit CD-ROM with the official APRM guidelines, final country reports, survey instruments, academic papers, video testimonials and a comprehensive collection of the governance codes and standards embraced by the APRM.
Now available to download for free, in both English and French.
China's rapid rise to global prominence has become the cause of much debate, reflection, and concern. This topic is especially relevant and of profound consequence to Africans and others concerned with Africa, given China's considerable and growing presence on the continent and the similarities and differences in circumstances and development trajectories between it and African countries.
Edited by Peroshni Govender and Steven Gruzd
Published by SAIIA & funded by the Royal Netherlands Embassy.
This report highlights the challenges in African education and encourages governments to start planning and expanding their secondary education sector. The report was edited and produced by SAIIA's Nepad and Governance project which is funded by Royal Netherlands Embassy.