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Trade (565)

The city of Erenhot sits on the Mongolian border, five hours of desolate steppe tundra away from the nearest major Chinese city. In 1992, the town had a population of 8000, and was best known for its bizarre 80-foot archway of kissing sauropods, which bridges across a usually empty freeway.
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 221, September 2015
Seoul, South Korea 12-14 February 2014: 1st RoundtableHosted by: the Korean Institute of International Economic PolicyDownload Chairman's statement (84 kB)
That the World Trade Organization (WTO) has been in the grip of a systemic crisis since 2008 is well known. Notwithstanding relatively minor successes at the Bali Ministerial in December 2013, the WTO’s negotiating function remains effectively stalled. The Nairobi Ministerial, set to take place in December 2015, is not likely to yield systemic solutions, notably to break the Doha Round impasse.
SAIIA is pleased to continue our new series of interviews on Twitter (or 'Twinterviews') with authors from SAIIA's peer-reviewed journal, the South African Journal of International Affairs. In the second of the series, Journal Editor Martha Bridgman interviewed Dr Lyal White about his article on the importance of regional economic integration in Africa.
The Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA) between the member states of three African regional economic communities – SADC, EAC, and COMESA – has been heralded as one of the most important developments in African regional integration.
The Tripartite Free Trade Area (TFTA) across Southern and Eastern Africa has been heralded as a crucially important step for African growth and economic development. But what exactly is it? How realistic is the agreement? When will we see any benefits from it? And who will benefit most (and least)?
SAIIA Report No 19, September 2015  Download - Engish (415.41 kB) Economic Diplomacy ProgrammeInternational trade has changed dramatically since the 1980s. Due to enormous reductions in transportation and communications costs, as well as the worldwide liberalisation of trade in goods and – to a lesser extent – services, production processes have been fragmented while value chains have gone global. Some observers now speak of global production networks. 
A high level dialogue organised by ICTSD and SAIIA on 28 and 29 July 2015 is an opportunity to revisit several challenges facing Africa and Southern Africa more specifically in the context of new developments and data that have emerged in recent years.
During state visits to Kazakhstan and Indonesia in later 2013, President Xi Jinping outlined China’s vision of a ‘One Belt One Road’ – running overland from China to Eastern Europe – and a complementary Maritime Silk Road that stretches from Southeast China across the Indian Ocean to Dar es Salaam and onward around the Horn of Africa to the Mediterranean. While this vision remains under development, the engagement is intended as a multi-pronged diplomatic, economic and strategic initiative - as well as one that encourages closer cross-cultural contact – that will intensify China’s relations with Africa. Indeed this raises questions…
On 21 July 2015, SAIIA, the OECD, and South Africa's National Treasury officially launched the OECD South Africa Economic Survey 2015.
Heads of state of the BRICS countries will gather in Ufa, Russia, this week for the grouping’s seventh summit, which comes at a particularly challenging time for Russian diplomacy. Precipitated by the conflict in Ukraine, Russia is barred from Group of Seven/Group of Eight processes and increasingly estranged from the West.
The South African Journal of International Affairs invites article submissions and special issue proposals for our forthcoming volumes. Prospective authors may submit their articles via the SAJIA Scholar One website, detailed below. Prospective guest editors are encouraged to contact the Editor, Dr Martha Bridgman, at sajia.editor@saiia.org.za, with a concept note outlining the themed issue and proposed dates. 
On the sidelines of this week’s OECD meetings in Paris, South Africa’s Minister of Trade and Industry Rob Davies and US Trade Representative Mike Froman will try and overcome the protracted dispute between the two countries on chicken exports.
The bill to extend the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA), the United States’ cornerstone African development initiative, has finally arrived in Congress in the form of the AGOA Extension and Enhancement Act of 2015.
South Africa is facing a rhino poaching crisis. One of the proposed policy mechanisms to address rhino poaching was the establishment of a Committee of Inquiry to deliberate on matters relating to a possible trade of Rhino Horn.
Policymakers in Pretoria, Nairobi and Maseru are holding their breath as the latest renewal of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) makes its way through the partisan gridlock of the US congress. AGOA offers duty free access to the richest market on the planet on 1800 tariff lines, generates over 62,000 jobs in South Africa alone, and sustains apparel industries in countries such as Lesotho and Mauritius.
Negotiations for an extension of the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) have been in the headlines recently, as the Act's September 2015 expiration deadline looms. This non-reciprocal trade preference programme provides duty-free access to the US market for certain products from eligible sub-Saharan African countries.
The leaders of the African continent declared their resolve to follow through on their 'Agenda 2063' vision at the 24th African Union (AU) Summit held in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia last month.
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 127, February 2015
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 126, February 2015
Happy new year to all our partners and friends! The year that has gone was characterised by South Africa’s fifth democratic elections, the outbreak of Ebola in West Africa, and the growing power of Boko Haram and other radical Islamist groups in Africa. Across other parts of the world, old fissures seemed to re-emerge; whether in Europe’s growing right-wing wave, or in Ukraine and in the Middle East.
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 118, December 2014
It is hoped that African countries will soon be signing a new free trade agreement that will take the continent one step closer to its goal of economic development.
Botswana possesses an estimated 212 billion tonnes of coal, much of which is thermal quality and unsuitable for export. Under a conservative set of assumptions, however, the country could export roughly 72 million tonnes a year at peak production. But climate change concerns - and the impact of international climate change agreements to limit carbon emissions - may curtail the availability of future export markets.
The latest issue of the South African Journal of International Affairs (Volume 21.3) is now available online, featuring articles on BRICS co-operation across the South Atlantic, collaboration by BRICS corporates in Africa, the nuclear security discourse, the question of Islamic Nationalism in Al Shabaab, ANC foreign policymaking under Mbeki and the question of conflict-free diamonds under the Kimberly process.
In 2011, the SADC Secretariat in collaboration with Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) initiated a research and dialogue project to identify the most significant constraints to doing business in the SADC region. The idea was to make these more tangible – beyond the desk research stage, by conducting firm-level case studies on the identified constraints.