Select a language for instant Google Translation

Filter this Topic By ...

Content Types



Trade (571)

As the city of Maputo prepares itself to host the World Economic Forum African summit this week under the theme Engaging Business in Development it is apt to reflect on the economic track record of Africa.
Why are most Africans in Sub-Saharan Africa poor and why are they getting poorer while most people in the rest of the world are becoming better off? The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund who have become Sub-Saharan Africa’s fairy godmother and godfather respectively, every year churn out statistics that tell the same tale – Africans are poor and in many instances have fallen so far down it is difficult to imagine them getting poorer. With poverty and growing impoverishment go conflicts over scarce and shrinking resources. Hence Sub-Saharan Africa’s apparently never ending cycle of violent conflicts.
A recent survey by the South African Institute of International Affairs on the experience of South African companies and subsidiaries operating in Egypt found that most regard it as a promising market.
Ghana's New National Patriotic Party government is facing a keenly awaited political contest in December when Ghanaians go to the polls to elect a new president and parliament. But Ghana's robust economic growth over the past four years under President John Kufuor's leadership is the government's trump card.
EGYPT faces the first contested presidential elections in its history next Wednesday. President Hosni Mubarak’s ruling party, the National Democratic Party (NDP), is poised to win. Mubarak’s liberalisation of the economy, the introduction of fiscal, monetary and institutional reforms, and the country’s relative political stability are his trump cards. For international and local investors this means a continuation of investment-friendly policies.
MINING in Africa appears to be the lifeline for the viability and sustainability of SA’s mining giants, which are facing rising costs related to deep-level mining and ageing mines. A recent survey by the South African Institute of International Affairs, conducted among South African mining firms on their African operations, has found that most respondents see the continent as a promising market.
Although Africa boasts some lucrative emerging markets and oil and gas fields that, once fully operational, could be geo-strategically important for the North (given the volatility of the Middle East), the continent is off the radar screen of most foreign investors. In fact, its natural and mineral resources have been more bane than boon. It is up to African governments to lead they way in ensuring that Africa is put on the international business map.
Ghana has emerged as the hub for SA companies seeking to do business in West Africa. This is at the expense of the larger Nigeria, which is still seen as a risky investment destination, and Côte d'Ivoire, which descended into civil war two years ago.
With its capital and principal port of Dakar located on the westernmost point of Africa, Senegal is poised to become the gateway to Francophone west Africa. The semi-arid former French colony is regarded as the economic success in the region with its strong commitment to the rule of law and democratic institutions.
Team Leader: Tim HughesTeam: Greg Mills, Neuma Grobbelaar, Ross Herbert, William Mabena, Mark Shaw, Elizabeth Sidiropoulos SAIIA: 2003ISBN: 1-919969-02-0 Pages: 125 How can Southern African governments, policy planners, businesses, the donor community, aid agencies and NGOs improve their strategic decision-making for the coming decade? One vital tool for clearer analysis is the design of future scenarios. Southern African Scenarios 2015 examines the prevailing social, political and economic conditions in the Southern African region and sketches three possible scenarios for each of the key factors or drivers (such as health, trade and investment) that are likely to determine the future of…
The ambitious eastward expansion of the European Union (EU), emphasised by the European Commission's recommendation to begin accession negotiations with Turkey, has not assuaged fears in SA and on the continent of a potential declining European focus on Africa.
22 April 2005, Business Day DEVELOPING Asia is moving up SA’s strategic agenda. In recent months China and India have dominated the headlines as we move to start free-trade negotiations with them. Those processes, particularly that with China, are proving contentious. Partly in consequence, little attention has been paid to southeast Asia.
READERS of these pages should be aware of the regular statistical consommé on China and the effect of its economic growth. For example, if the People’s Republic had to reach US car ownership levels, it would consume more oil than is currently produced daily and the 600-million cars on China’s roads would be more than all the cars in the world today; and if the Chinese annually ate as much fish per capita as the Japanese, they would consume the entire world fish harvest.
Africa needs China. As in other parts of the developing world, China’s insatiable appetite for natural resources is creating unprecedented demand for commodities, pushing prices to new highs and fuelling economic growth across the continent.
Written by: Lyal White SAIIA: 2005 ISBN: 1-919969-30-6 Published by SAIIA and funded by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. Series editor: Elizabeth Sidiropoulos
By Lyal WhiteSAIIA: 2005 ISBN: 1-919969-48-9Published by SAIIA and funded by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. Series editor: Elizabeth Sidiropoulos The Global Best Practice series examines a number of case studies in various sectors, with the aim of assessing their potential applicability in the Africa developmental context.  
By Dianna Games Business in Africa Report, No 1, 2004 SAIIA: 2004ISBN: 1-919969-21-7Published by SAIIA & funded by the Royal Danish Embassy, Pretoria. In less than a decade, South Africa has become one of the top 10 investors in, and trading partner of, many African countries. This report looks briefly at four sectors and four countries. The sectors are banking; telecommunications; retail and food; and mining. The countries are Morocco, Ghana, Mozambique, and Uganda.
Edited by Greg Mills and Natasha SkidmoreSAIIA: 2004ISBN: 1-919969-26-8Pages: 70 The combined economies of China, Taiwan and Hong Kong amount to US$1,437 trillion making 'Greater China' the fourth largest economy in the world. What are the implications for South Africa and Africa of the continued expansion of the Chinese economy? Will the growth of 'Greater China' crowd Africa out of an increasingly competitive foreign direct investment market? Will it prove to be a competitor to African industries or will these challenges be compensated by the market opportunities on offer in China?
Thursday, 17 April 2008

Development through Trade

Established in March 2003 SAIIA's Development through Trade Programme has three principle objectives: Facilitate consultation between governments and civil society over trade and investment policies and negotiations; Facilitate "dialogue" between trade, investment and foreign policies; Broaden public debate over trade and investment policies. 
Mark ShawSAIIA: 2003ISBN: 1-919810-49-8 Pages: 84 Many commentators point to Southern Africa’s resident West African population (by which they mean Nigerians) as the source of lawless activity in the region. However, there has been little research on the causes and growth of West African criminal networks operating in Southern Africa. Crime as Business, Business as Crime: West African Criminal Networks in Southern Africa provides an overview and an analysis of the problem.
Edited by G Mills and G Shelton, 2003ISBN: 1-919969-12-8Pages: 85This book, a compilation of papers presented at a conference at the South African Institute of International Affairs on The Asia-Pacific and Africa: Realising Economic Potential, highlights the areas of opportunity in South and Southern Africa’s commercial relations with countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
In late February a diplomatic flurry in the regional trading firmament erupted.  Our Foreign Minister stated in Parliament that the EU, out of fear over the Chinese trade "threat", is using Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) with the EU to lock in old colonial trading relationships. Subsequently Peter Mandelson, EU Trade Commissioner, descended on Pretoria and Gaborone. What is going on? 
SACU turns 100 This year the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), the oldest customs union in the world, marks its 100th anniversary.  This centenary comes amidst upheavals in global economics, paralysis in the multilateral trading system, and the organization’s own trials notably the split precipitated by the Economic Partnership Agreement negotiations with the European Union. In a historically unprecedented move SACU heads of state and government met for the first time ever on April 22nd and issued a joint communiqué reaffirming their confidence in SACU’s future.
As published on After a brief stop in Chad last week, President Nicolas Sarkozy of France went on to visit a country not traditionally part of the French area of influence in Africa - South Africa. The trip was made against the backdrop of a complete overhaul of France's Africa policies, in which Sarkozy is proclaiming partnerships with equal nations instead of relations based on old colonial ties. Romy Chevallier of the South African Institute of International Affairs explains the background.
Business in Africa Report, No 9, 2007 by Judi Hudson SAIIA: 2007ISBN: 1-919969-16-0Published by SAIIA and sponsored by the Royal Danish Embassy in Pretoria Once a pariah state, South Africa now ‘seems poised to dominate the continent that once shunned its products and leaders’. The situation is somewhat different in Kenya. In effect, that country has managed to keep the South African business heavyweights at arm’s length. The experiences of South African companies doing business in Kenya show us that we cannot separate the successes from the problems of doing business in Africa. Indeed, some Kenyans have perceived some of…
As published in Business Day THE recent meetings of the Group of Seven (G-7) finance ministers in Essen, Germany, and of legislators from the Group of Eight (G-8) in Washington, were pivotal not only because of their shared focus on climate change but because of which states were invited to participate. Alongside the traditional members were representatives of the five big emergent countries - China, India, Brazil, Mexico and SA. This process of restructuring reveals the increasingly apparent legitimacy and efficiency gap in the institutional set-up, a deficiency that radiates out from the G-7 and G-8 summit arrangements to the…
Business DayWho wins in the German election this week may not matter in the short term to Africa. How the new government tackles unemployment and a faltering economy may, however, affect Germany’s developmental and economic engagement with Africa in the medium term.
Thursday, 29 April 2004

The Tswalu Dialogue

Date: Thursday, 29 April, 2004Venue: South African Institute of International Affairs By invitation only. The Tswalu Dialogue commenced in 2002 as an initiative of the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) sponsored by Jennifer and Jonathan Oppenheimer. The Tswalu Dialogue was founded on the broad aim of providing a forum on issues of concern to Africa and its multiple constituencies, sharing ideas, offering fresh thinking and building consensus through debate and a network of interested Africanists.
Business in Africa Report, No 2, 2004 by Neuma Grobbelaar SAIIA: 2004ISBN: 1-919969-23-3Published by SAIIA & funded by the Royal Danish Embassy, Pretoria Based on a survey conducted in November 2003 of 20 South African companies doing business in Mozambique, this publication tracks the experience of South African firms in that country. Although South Africa is a leading investor representing 49% of total foreign direct investment (FDI) from 1997-2002, the sizeable number of South African businesses does not imply that the country offers a trouble-free, uncomplicated business environment.