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Trade (578)

Edited by Peter DraperSAIIA: 2005ISBN: 1-919969-33-0Pages: 198Price: ZAR 80.00Since 1994 South Africa has sought to consolidate its relations with Africa and assert itself as a global player in the international trading and political systems. This has proven challenging, confronted as it is with trying to balance the needs and interests of its people with those of the rest of Africa. Nowhere has this been more exposed than in the sphere of trade relations. On the face of it South Africa’s trade diplomacy does not seem to be in harmony with the continents’ interests, leading some commentators to raise questions about…
Wednesday, 23 April 2008

Trade Policy Reports (2003-2008)

SAIIA's Trade Policy Report series, published between July 2003 and September 2008, covers a range of trade-related issues.  Topics include matters such as South Africa's current account deficit, intellectual property rights and South-South economic co-operation. 
Tuesday, 22 April 2008

Trade Policy Briefings

The SAIIA Trade Policy Briefing Series, published between 2003 and 2008, covers critical issues relating to South Africa's overall trade strategy. The broad focus of the series is on the political economy of the international trading system and South Africa's strategic responses to it. This includes the full spectrum of South Africa's trade strategy, from the multilateral trading system, to strategic regional and bilateral partnerships, and particular issues within the trade agenda.
eAfrica, Volume 2, February 2004 TANGANDA, the largest tea producer in Zimbabwe and one of the country’s most important exporters, had a pretty good crop last year. Despite low rains, it put Z$ 18 billion in profits on the books.
Edited by Lyal WhiteSAIIA: 2005ISBN: 1-919969-20-9Pages: 88Published by SAIIA with the assistance of the Anglo American Chairman's Fund and DaimlerChrysler. Latin America has a population size of more than 500 million people and a combined economy of around $1.7 trillion. Economic growth in 2004 is estimated to reach close to 5% following an increase in commodity exports and the recovery of some of the dominant economies in the region.
The Kebble-Maduna saga, the arms deal, the mining charter and mining royalty bill have thrown into sharp relief the complex and often fraught relationship between business and government. It also brings into question the critical rules of engagement.
Monday, 21 April 2008

A Luta Continua

Mozambique is South Africa’s second-biggest trading partner in Africa, but investors are waryEvery continent needs an America… this is how one South African investor responded when questioned about the importance of South African investment in a country like Mozambique. This comment immediately conjures up the image of the bully on the block, but the intention is subtler. It is widely accepted that the economic growth of Western Europe after the Second World War and the Asian economic miracle are a direct result of US investment and aid in those regions, and the opening of its market to their exports.
As the city of Maputo prepares itself to host the World Economic Forum African summit this week under the theme Engaging Business in Development it is apt to reflect on the economic track record of Africa.
Why are most Africans in Sub-Saharan Africa poor and why are they getting poorer while most people in the rest of the world are becoming better off? The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund who have become Sub-Saharan Africa’s fairy godmother and godfather respectively, every year churn out statistics that tell the same tale – Africans are poor and in many instances have fallen so far down it is difficult to imagine them getting poorer. With poverty and growing impoverishment go conflicts over scarce and shrinking resources. Hence Sub-Saharan Africa’s apparently never ending cycle of violent conflicts.
A recent survey by the South African Institute of International Affairs on the experience of South African companies and subsidiaries operating in Egypt found that most regard it as a promising market.
Ghana's New National Patriotic Party government is facing a keenly awaited political contest in December when Ghanaians go to the polls to elect a new president and parliament. But Ghana's robust economic growth over the past four years under President John Kufuor's leadership is the government's trump card.
EGYPT faces the first contested presidential elections in its history next Wednesday. President Hosni Mubarak’s ruling party, the National Democratic Party (NDP), is poised to win. Mubarak’s liberalisation of the economy, the introduction of fiscal, monetary and institutional reforms, and the country’s relative political stability are his trump cards. For international and local investors this means a continuation of investment-friendly policies.
MINING in Africa appears to be the lifeline for the viability and sustainability of SA’s mining giants, which are facing rising costs related to deep-level mining and ageing mines. A recent survey by the South African Institute of International Affairs, conducted among South African mining firms on their African operations, has found that most respondents see the continent as a promising market.
Although Africa boasts some lucrative emerging markets and oil and gas fields that, once fully operational, could be geo-strategically important for the North (given the volatility of the Middle East), the continent is off the radar screen of most foreign investors. In fact, its natural and mineral resources have been more bane than boon. It is up to African governments to lead they way in ensuring that Africa is put on the international business map.
Ghana has emerged as the hub for SA companies seeking to do business in West Africa. This is at the expense of the larger Nigeria, which is still seen as a risky investment destination, and Côte d'Ivoire, which descended into civil war two years ago.
With its capital and principal port of Dakar located on the westernmost point of Africa, Senegal is poised to become the gateway to Francophone west Africa. The semi-arid former French colony is regarded as the economic success in the region with its strong commitment to the rule of law and democratic institutions.
Team Leader: Tim HughesTeam: Greg Mills, Neuma Grobbelaar, Ross Herbert, William Mabena, Mark Shaw, Elizabeth Sidiropoulos SAIIA: 2003ISBN: 1-919969-02-0 Pages: 125 How can Southern African governments, policy planners, businesses, the donor community, aid agencies and NGOs improve their strategic decision-making for the coming decade? One vital tool for clearer analysis is the design of future scenarios. Southern African Scenarios 2015 examines the prevailing social, political and economic conditions in the Southern African region and sketches three possible scenarios for each of the key factors or drivers (such as health, trade and investment) that are likely to determine the future of…
The ambitious eastward expansion of the European Union (EU), emphasised by the European Commission's recommendation to begin accession negotiations with Turkey, has not assuaged fears in SA and on the continent of a potential declining European focus on Africa.
22 April 2005, Business Day DEVELOPING Asia is moving up SA’s strategic agenda. In recent months China and India have dominated the headlines as we move to start free-trade negotiations with them. Those processes, particularly that with China, are proving contentious. Partly in consequence, little attention has been paid to southeast Asia.
READERS of these pages should be aware of the regular statistical consommé on China and the effect of its economic growth. For example, if the People’s Republic had to reach US car ownership levels, it would consume more oil than is currently produced daily and the 600-million cars on China’s roads would be more than all the cars in the world today; and if the Chinese annually ate as much fish per capita as the Japanese, they would consume the entire world fish harvest.
Africa needs China. As in other parts of the developing world, China’s insatiable appetite for natural resources is creating unprecedented demand for commodities, pushing prices to new highs and fuelling economic growth across the continent.
Written by: Lyal White SAIIA: 2005 ISBN: 1-919969-30-6 Published by SAIIA and funded by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. Series editor: Elizabeth Sidiropoulos
By Lyal WhiteSAIIA: 2005 ISBN: 1-919969-48-9Published by SAIIA and funded by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. Series editor: Elizabeth Sidiropoulos The Global Best Practice series examines a number of case studies in various sectors, with the aim of assessing their potential applicability in the Africa developmental context.  
By Dianna Games Business in Africa Report, No 1, 2004 SAIIA: 2004ISBN: 1-919969-21-7Published by SAIIA & funded by the Royal Danish Embassy, Pretoria. In less than a decade, South Africa has become one of the top 10 investors in, and trading partner of, many African countries. This report looks briefly at four sectors and four countries. The sectors are banking; telecommunications; retail and food; and mining. The countries are Morocco, Ghana, Mozambique, and Uganda.
Edited by Greg Mills and Natasha SkidmoreSAIIA: 2004ISBN: 1-919969-26-8Pages: 70 The combined economies of China, Taiwan and Hong Kong amount to US$1,437 trillion making 'Greater China' the fourth largest economy in the world. What are the implications for South Africa and Africa of the continued expansion of the Chinese economy? Will the growth of 'Greater China' crowd Africa out of an increasingly competitive foreign direct investment market? Will it prove to be a competitor to African industries or will these challenges be compensated by the market opportunities on offer in China?
Thursday, 17 April 2008

Development through Trade

Established in March 2003 SAIIA's Development through Trade Programme has three principle objectives: Facilitate consultation between governments and civil society over trade and investment policies and negotiations; Facilitate "dialogue" between trade, investment and foreign policies; Broaden public debate over trade and investment policies. 
Mark ShawSAIIA: 2003ISBN: 1-919810-49-8 Pages: 84 Many commentators point to Southern Africa’s resident West African population (by which they mean Nigerians) as the source of lawless activity in the region. However, there has been little research on the causes and growth of West African criminal networks operating in Southern Africa. Crime as Business, Business as Crime: West African Criminal Networks in Southern Africa provides an overview and an analysis of the problem.
Edited by G Mills and G Shelton, 2003ISBN: 1-919969-12-8Pages: 85This book, a compilation of papers presented at a conference at the South African Institute of International Affairs on The Asia-Pacific and Africa: Realising Economic Potential, highlights the areas of opportunity in South and Southern Africa’s commercial relations with countries in the Asia-Pacific region.
In late February a diplomatic flurry in the regional trading firmament erupted.  Our Foreign Minister stated in Parliament that the EU, out of fear over the Chinese trade "threat", is using Economic Partnership Agreements (EPAs) with the EU to lock in old colonial trading relationships. Subsequently Peter Mandelson, EU Trade Commissioner, descended on Pretoria and Gaborone. What is going on? 
SACU turns 100 This year the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), the oldest customs union in the world, marks its 100th anniversary.  This centenary comes amidst upheavals in global economics, paralysis in the multilateral trading system, and the organization’s own trials notably the split precipitated by the Economic Partnership Agreement negotiations with the European Union. In a historically unprecedented move SACU heads of state and government met for the first time ever on April 22nd and issued a joint communiqué reaffirming their confidence in SACU’s future.