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Peace and Security (347)

SAIIA in collaboration with the Norwegian Embassy and the University of Pretoria yesterday hosted a seminar entitled ‘States in fragile environments: Common engagement for conflict resolution and development’. 
South Africa has done much in the 15 years since the fall of apartheid to establish its leadership on the continent. It has been a constant architect of Africa’s new peace and security architecture and an advocate of new diplomatic norms. Whether South Africa has succeeded in meeting its goals as Africa’s mediator and the ambitious aspirations shared by African heads of state and intellectuals following its transition to democracy is debatable. This crucial volume draws lessons for African conflict mediation from the experiences of its foremost practitioner, South Africa, in four of the continent’s most complex theatres: Burundi, the…
Co-published with the Institute for Global Dialogue Somaliland has been described as an ‘inspiring story of resilience and reconstruction, and a truly African Renaissance, that has many lessons to teach the rest of Africa and the international community’. This study seeks to identify some of those lessons, particularly those pertaining to Somaliland’s sustained efforts to create internal unity and gain regional and international recognition. Based on extensive research in Somaliland, as well as a wealth of experience in the wider region, this book provides a vivid insight into this intriguing tale of reconciliation, reconstruction, religion, and recognition.
Promoting peace and security in Africa is one of the goals of the EU-South Africa strategic partnership. Ongoing conflict in Darfur, Sudan and the crisis in Zimbabwe were high on the agenda of the 1st EU-South Africa summit held in July last year in Bordeaux, France, under the auspices of presidents Sarkozy and Mbeki. These issues were raised again this year at the 2nd EU-South Africa summit held in Cape Town on 11 September. At an academic forum held on the fringes of this summit, the question was asked whether the Zuma presidency has brought about a closer alignment of…
On 20 July, Dr ElBaradei, retiring Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) spoke to an audience at Jan Smuts House on the future of a new global security system.Thank you very much Elizabeth. It is an honour for me to come again to your institute, to this centre of excellence for research on Africa and it is also my fortune to be here during your celebration of your 75th anniversary. I thought today I should try to reflect with you on the concept of security,  where we are and  how we can move forward to have this…
Dr Mohammed ElBaradei speaks on the possibility of nuclear disarmament On 20 July, Dr ElBaradei, retiring Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) spoke to an audience at Jan Smuts House on the future of a new global security system.
The South African Institute of International Affairs cordially invites you to a Speaker's Meeting to be addressed by Dr. Mohamed ElBaradei Director General of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)  on 'Towards a New Global Security System.'Venue: Jan Smuts House
From 1 July 2009 cellphone service providers in South Africa cannot activate a new SIM card without the full name, address and identity number of the customer. Existing SIM cards must be registered within 18 months. The new registration law is aimed at assisting law enforcement agencies to investigate and combat serious crime by ensuring that the identity and whereabouts of every SIM card owner is known to foil and investigate criminal activity. Customer information must be kept in a secure database for a minimum of three years, accessible only to selected personnel. But does monitoring criminal activity threaten our…
SAIIA Occasional Paper, No 37, June 2009
Recent history shows that proactive diplomacy can save lives, economies and continental reputation. Long-serving rulers bottle up political tensions and resist predictable power transfers, which means the death of aging autocrats ought to bring active African diplomacy to ensure stable elections and transfers of power.
Wednesday 22 April 2009 will be remembered by many in Africa an historic day. Almost 80% of eligible voters in South Africa went to the polls peacefully in a national election to choose their fourth government since the watershed elections in 1994 that established a non-racial democracy in the country. This marked another triumph of the ballot over other forms of changing leaders in a continent that has suffered coups and assassinations over the past half-century. South Africans should be congratulated for this achievement, and Africans should learn valuable lessons from them in this regard.
SAIIA Research Report, No 2, February 2009  Download - English [.pdf] (1.46 MB) Security, Conflict and Terrorism Programme Following its democratic turn in 1994, Nelson Mandela wrote the year previously, the second pillar of South African foreign policy would be the principle ‘that just and lasting solutions to the problems of humankind can only come through the promotion of democracy worldwide. …’ This policy plank had distant echoes in the final articles of the Freedom Charter pledging that ‘South Africa shall strive to maintain world peace and the settlement of all international dispute by negotiation — not war.’
Together with the French Embassy and the French Institute of South Africa, SAIIA hosted, in March 2009, a seminar on the topic 'A New French Foreign and Security Policy: What does this mean for Africa?'Venue: CSIR International Convention Centre
As soon as Barack Obama took over the Oval office as the 44th President of the United States and Hillary Clinton entered her Eighth Floor office at the State Department, it was clear that immediate action on the ongoing Palestinian-Israeli feud was one of the incoming administration's most urgent challenges.
SAIIA Occasional Paper, No 18, April 2009
Human nature abhors a vacuum, to misquote Aristotle. This is apparent in the Kivu provinces of the Democratic Republic of Congo. Where Joseph Kabila's new government cannot secure the outer corners of a huge territory, other actors have rushed in.
Monday, 27 October 2008

Africom

On 1 October 2008 the US military's African Command was launched in Washington DC. Two weeks later a similar ceremony took place at Africom's headquarters in Stuttgart. What is Africom and why has its creation been so controversial and met with suspicion in some African countries?
The world is currently concerned with redefining Western-Russian relations in the wake of the Georgian conflict. The press has even been discussing the possibility of a ‘new' Cold War. If this materialises, what would be the implications for Africa?
Recent elections in Angola help indicate the direction of democracy in Africa. Seen alongside other developments, they suggest that progress is being made in building democracy, but this is only part of the governance equation. Angola faces challenges far beyond the parliamentary election this September.
Senior Research Associate
The signing of the memorandum of understanding between Zanu-PF and the two MDC formations must certainly be welcomed after the protracted period of violence and political stalemate. But is it the right medicine and what does it say about the two protagonists?
Senior Research Associate
In the past decade South Africa has seen an exponential growth in cash-in-transit robberies, vehicle hijacking, illicit drug trade and white-collar crime, among others. The level of skill in the planning and execution of these organised criminal acts is creating considerable problems for the police, prosecutors, financial institutions and private security companies.
If Barack Obama is elected President of the United States, becoming the world's most powerful leader, what difference would it make to America's engagement with Africa? Will the son of a Kenyan do things differently from his predecessors, and will Africa benefit?
The attacks on migrants from elsewhere in Africa in South Africa recently are not simply a result of xenophobia. They are a product of ugly, debased politics in which mainstream political activity becomes fused with lawlessness and vengeance, write AllAfrica guest columnists Terence Corrigan and Faten Aggad.
What went wrong with the "rainbow nation"? The shocking attacks against foreign nationals in South Africa - mostly immigrant workers and asylum-seekers from other parts of the continent, including Mozambique, Zambia, Malawi and Zimbabwe - raise the question in sharp new form. These attacks escalated in the days after 11 May 2008, since when around sixty-two people have been killed and 670 injured, and many thousands more forced to flee their homes in a number of South African townships (initially from around Johannesburg, but later spreading to Cape Townand other areas). Both the violence and the expressions of xenophobia that…
THREE times in the past 60 years the world has said ‘never again’ in response to genocides in Europe, Cambodia and Rwanda. But little has changed.Sickening slaughters came to Liberia, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Ethiopia, Angola, Northern Uganda, Mozambique, Congo-Brazzaville, Democratic Republic of Congo and Burundi with only tepid global response.
SAIIA's security, conflict, terrorism and crime cluster was a programme previously run at SAIIA. It is now closed.  It focused on the critical challenges facing the continent's many weak and fragile states and societies in dealing with endemic conflict, organised crime and terrorism. The purpose of our research to assist and inform African policymakers and important African partners in this area on how to develop solutions appropriate for the particular challenges facing African societies.
Sunday Independent, 24 October 2004The speech made by Taiwanese President Chen Shui-bian at the National Day celebrations on 10 October focused on easing cross-strait tensions and encouraged the resumption of dialogue between Taiwan and the People’s Republic of China (PRC). This was in stark contrast to the National Day address made last year, where President Chen proposed a revising of the island’s constitution – interpreted by the PRC as veering toward de facto independence of Taiwan, which would result in an automatic declaration of war with the PRC.