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Peace and Security (347)

This week the citizens of Uganda prepare to go to the polls for presidential and parliamentary elections on Friday, February 18. Ugandan President Yoweri Museveni is expected to win comfortably and the National Resistance Movement is likely to maintain its majority in Uganda’s Parliament. But there are a number of wide-ranging talking points linked to these elections.
While the world’s attention is focused on scenes of barricades in central Cairo, the political and media spotlight has finally come to illuminate the social crisis underlying the Arab worlds’ dictatorial regimes. In 2008, Queen Rania of Jordan warned that unemployed youth in the Arab world constitute a ‘ticking time bomb’ which, if not diffused, could lead to social unrest. She was correct, if events in Tunisia and Egypt are anything to go by.
As published by The New Age, 8 February 2011 The world media have been so focused on the story evolving in Egypt over the past two weeks that most missed the announcement of the name of the new President of the African Union. What were the leaders of Africa thinking about when they elected President Teodoro Obiang Nguema of Equatorial Guinea as incoming AU President?  We are told that a mechanical rotation of the presidency through the various regions of Africa is observed. It was Central Africa’s turn and the best the Central African region could come up with was…
The New Age, 24 January 2011 On December 22 the UN Security Council agreed to a request by the African Union Commission to expand the existing Amisom (African Union Mission in Somalia) force in Somalia from 8000 to 12000 troops.
As published in The New Age, 27 January 2011 Tunisia is not a country that until recently featured on the pages of South African newspapers, much less in screaming headlines. It is best known to the outside world as a Mediterranean beach resort for northern Europeans among the ruins of historic Carthage.
As published in The Thinker, Volume 24, February 2011 After many decades of squabbling, in-fighting and bitter civil war, indications are that the inhabitants of Africa’s largest state have decided that a peaceful split may be better than living “unhappily together ever after”. The long awaited referendum that pessimists thought would never happen was conducted without a hitch. United Nations and IGAD observers agree that Southerners voted in a free and fair atmosphere.
The South African Institute of International Affairs cordially invites you to a seminar organised by the Governance of Africa's Resources Programme ‘Can Sudan's resources be shared? Implications of the Southern Sudan referendum’Venue: Jan Smuts House
As published in The New Age, 11 January 2011 On 1 January South Africa commenced its second two-year term as a non-permanent member of the UN Security Council, occupying one of the three seats reserved for African countries. Given South Africa’s not uncontroversial first-ever term in the Security Council in 2007 – 2008, it took some of us by surprise that fellow African states had endorsed South Africa’s candidacy for the seat again so soon.
As Published in The Thinker, Volume 20, September 2010 The plane banks and a dive towards the Juba airport brings a flat green landscape dotted with rocky hills into view. Some say that Juba is at the centre of the world. Whether this is true or not, I do not know. But soon after my arrival I am to learn that this town is a space where worlds happen to collide.
SAIIA Policy Briefing, No 25, November 2010
The South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA), Western Cape Branch invites you to a book launch by Tim Butcher, Author of ‘Chasing the Devil: The Search for Africa's Fighting Spirit’ .
On the occasion of the opening of the Arab Cultural Week 2010, The South African Institute of International Affairs, the Council of Arab Ambassadors and the South African Department of Arts & Culture have pleasure in inviting you to a Roundtable Discussion on 'Fateh and Hamas: The Challenge for the Palestinian Statehood' presented by Dr Nabeel Shaath, the Commissioner of International Relations of Fateh Movement, Former Palestinian Minister of Foreign Affairs Date:   Thursday, 28th October 2010 Time:    09h30 Venue:  SAIIA, Jan Smuts House, East Campus, University of the Witwatersrand RSVP:  Maryke Kroeger Phone:  012 342 6411 Fax:  …
As published in The Sunday Independent, 10 October 2010 Nigerian taxis are known for their colourful writings that make personal and social statements. On my way to celebrate the 50th anniversary of Nigeria’s independence last week, I was struck by one Lagosian vehicle that bore the popular Nigerian saying ‘no condition is permanent.’ It got me thinking about how the Nigerian condition has changed in 50 years. I also pondered how the emergence of South Africa as a key ally and rival since 1994 will affect the upcoming review of Nigeria’s foreign policy, the first since independence.
South African Institute of International Affairs, Western Cape Branch invites you to a public seminar to be addressed by Professor Jeremy Sarkin “Disappearances and Secret Detentions in Africa” at The Centre for the Book, 62 Queen Victoria Street, Gardens, Cape Town on Wednesday 20 October 2010 at 5:00 for 5:30 pm.
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 67, September 2010
SAIIA cordially invites you to the VIP Corporate Members’ Breakfast event for this year to be addressed by Dr Petrus de Kock, who is a Senior Researcher in SAIIA’s Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme and will be looking at "Sudan: Will it be one or two? Critical choices and new opportunities in Southern Sudan’s referendum".Date: Thursday, 23 September 2010Time:    07:45 for 08:00 (to end at 09:30)Venue:  The Grace Hotel, 54
As originally published in, 27 August Following the post-election violence which claimed the lives of over 1 000 Kenyans in December 2007, Kenyans flocked to the polls on 4 August 2010 to vote on a new constitution for the country. Despite concerns that the country’s fragile political arrangement would not withstand the tensions associated with such a referendum, the results have clearly demonstrated that Kenyans have made a positive and peaceful move towards a new constitutional dispensation. Indeed, not only did 66.9% of Kenyans vote ‘yes’ for the constitution, transcending the ethnic divisions which played such a prominent…
As published on on 12 August 2010 Kenya's referendum to decide on a new constitution ended a decades-long, tortuous journey to reach a basic law to regulate the country's politics and give voice to all its citizens. A referendum in 2005 had rejected a new constitution, but the biggest crisis came at the end of 2007, when unprecedented post-election violence threatened to rip apart the political and social fabric of the once stable and prosperous East African country. Will a new constitution put Kenya back on the road to stability and prosperity?
SAIIA Policy Briefing, No 22, August 2010
On the 10th of July, Khartoum was not only pummelled by the usual desert heat. In the Friendship Hall which overlooks the Blue Nile, the hot issue of the relationship between South and North Sudan came under the spotlight at the official launch of the post-referendum talks between the National Congress Party (NCP) and the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). Former South African president Thabo Mbeki, acting in his capacity as Chair of the African Union High Implementation Panel (AUHIP), paved the way for the talks by presenting four possible scenarios of the form post-referendum relations between North and South…
As published in The Thinker, Volume 17, 2010 In order to come up with imaginative solutions to the myriad systemic, institutional, economic, social and political challenges that plague the extractive industries in Africa, it is necessary to compare experiences between African countries. Through such comparisons lessons can be learnt on how to reach the goal of making the future a slightly better place for Africa’s inhabitants.
Regional Peace and Security: Opinion Editorials Organised crime in southern Africa: problems and solutions by Gail Wannenberg April 2005 Organised crime and its implications for South Africa by Gail Wannenburg April 2005  
The Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) celebrates 50 years of independence from colonial rule today. At fifty, the country is torn between competing and contradictory internal forces as it tries to negotiate a path towards self-understanding, internal cohesion and responsible behaviour. At this landmark event in its post-colonial history, the DRC has to confront old wounds that create new policy challenges in a complex political-economic environment.
SADC Security Integration War and Organised Crime Security and Terrorism in Africa African Human Security Initiative Zimbabwe focus SADC Security Integration SAIIA’s SADC Security Integration project was launched in January 2003 as a two-pronged, two-year project, consisting of a research programme and workshops. The research programme concentrated on the prospects and possibilities of security integration in the Southern African region, but did so by viewing the SADC Organ on Politics, Defence and Security Co-operation (OPDS) in a comparative perspective in order for SADC to benefit from the lessons learnt in other regions of the world. Key stakeholders among governments and…
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 60, May 2010
The IBSA conference held last week in Brazil provided a useful opportunity to asses the value of this evolving trilateral framework in fostering broad and deep cooperation among the three partners on a variety of fronts. An area that is often neglected but which remains a salient component of the wider agenda is defence.
By Moeletsi MbekiDownload - Speech [.pdf] Presentation to the Commander’s Speaker Programme at the US Africa Command, US Military Headquarters in Stuttgart, Germany on Tuesday 19th January 2010  
The terror attack on the Togolese soccer team by the Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC) prior to the African Cup of Nations that took place in Angola in January 2010, has ensured that the focus has shifted to the security of the FIFA World Cup to be held in South Africa in mid-2010.
Now the African Union is in a dilemma. Two weeks ago, the AU summit broadened their definition of an ‘unconstitutional change of government’ to include incumbent leaders using unconstitutional means to stay in power. Such as suspending a democratic constitution to avoid presidential term limits. When President Tandja did precisely that last year, Niger’s opposition parties called it a ‘coup’. The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) followed suit and imposed sanctions against Niger. The AU endorsed this stance in October 2009.
SAIIA in collaboration with the Norwegian Embassy and the University of Pretoria yesterday hosted a seminar entitled ‘States in fragile environments: Common engagement for conflict resolution and development’.  The seminar formed part of the state visit by Their Majesties, King Harald V and Queen Sonja of Norway. The proceedings were opened by His Majesty.  Norway’s foreign minister, Jonas Gahr Støre, addressed the audience of diplomats, academics and media about some of the issues challenging peace and security in Africa. In his speech he mentioned the importance of the efforts of the international community to address the main threats to stability…