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Peace and Security (347)

It has been nearly six years since Vice President Dick Cheney left Washington when the Bush administration ended. This past week, Cheney offered a stinging rebuttal of President Barack Obama’s strategy against ISIS - in advance of the president’s speech. Just hours before Obama appeared on television, Cheney spoke at a leading conservative think tank in Washington to an audience that was like a convention of the right-wing faithful, hoping to strap on their weapons and do battle once again, one more time.
More than a week has now passed since the ostensible coup attempt of 29 August in Lesotho. This was sold officially as an operation to neutralise elements within the Lesotho Mounted Police Service who were colluding with government supporters to disrupt a protest march the following Monday.
The latest issue of the South African Journal of International Affairs (Volume 21.2) is now available online, featuring articles on topics ranging from the post-presidential diplomacy of Thabo Mbeki, to the M23 insurgency in the Democratic Republic of Congo, to greening economic growth in the South.
On 19 August 2014, SAIIA hosted South Africa's official World Humanitarian Day Celebration in partnership with the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) Regional Office for Southern Africa (ROSA).
For well over a decade, a unique, but flawed global governance initiative, the Kimberley Process, has sought to assure customers that the high prices that they pay for diamonds - stones sold as symbols of love – are not associated with war and bloodshed. But more recently, the increasing production of synthetic diamonds in response to demand in emerging countries is threatening the stability of the entire diamond market.
The South African Institute of International Affairs, Eastern Cape Branch, invites you to a public seminar to be addressed by Ambassador Elkhan Polukhov on 'Stability in the South Caucasus in light of South Africa – Azerbaijan Relations.'
Now that the sixth BRICS Summit and the FIFA World Cup are over, the focus moves from Brazil and the emerging powers to the United States of America. The first ever US-Africa Leaders Summit on 4-6 August 2014 finally offers an opportunity for other continents to step aside and let Africa take the right of way in Washington’s circles.
Hardly a multilateral meeting goes by without its attendees committing themselves to the promotion of peace and security across the globe. The Sixth BRICS Summit, hosted from 14-16 July in Brazil, was no exception. BRICS member states (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) have, time and again, declared their commitment to 'building a harmonious world of lasting peace and common prosperity', yet the various Summit declarations are sketchy at best on how these five countries intend to go about achieving this objective.
Over the European summer the world will witness several centennial commemorations of the first World War. One hundred years ago today, on 23 July 1914, Austria-Hungary presented an ultimatum to Serbia, and on 28 July, war was declared on Serbia.
The International Affairs Journal, Chatham House, the Marjan Centre at King’s College London and the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) cordially invite you to a panel discussion on "War and biodiversity: security’s emerging new frontier" to launch the July issue of International Affairs.
The African Union 23rd summit is convening in Malabo, Equatorial Guinea, on 20 June 2014. It will reach its zenith with the Ordinary session of the Assembly on 26-27 June. Irrespective of the agenda, which is not yet publicly communicated, or the summit theme 'Agriculture and Food Security in Africa', the final decisions and declaration document on 27 June is expected to be a congested one.
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South African youth made history on Tuesday when they presented their views on conflict-related sexual violence at a special event at the British High Commission in Pretoria as part of the opening of the Global Summit to End Sexual Violence in London.
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The South African Institute of International Affairs and the British High Commission invite you to a Youth@SAIIA special Model United Nations conference on prevention of sexual violence in conflict, on Friday 23 May 2014, in Pretoria.
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 182, April 2014
The 20th commemoration of the Rwandan genocide this year offers an apt opportunity to reflect on how far Africa has come in preventing a reoccurrence of such a tragedy.
SAIIA's Western Cape Branch invites you to a public seminar to be addressed by Dr Sara Pienaar, on “Surviving in a Rough Neighbourhood – Ukraine, Russia and the Crimea Crisis."
An internal Ukrainian crisis dating back to November 2013 took on an external dimension last month. Just as Ukrainians were starting to rebuild their country after months of protests and a change of leadership, Russia’s intervention in Crimea has shifted the focus, and set off alarm bells throughout Europe.
Bulgaria is still the poorest European Union country, but its fortunes have improved exponentially since it joined the EU. This makes the recent events in the Crimean Peninsula unfortunate. By leaving Ukraine, Crimea has missed a window of opportunity to benefit from Ukraine’s closer association with the EU.
China is on course to becoming more deeply involved in Africa's security landscape. While the motivation behind Chinese involvement remains primarily economic, the growing exposure of its interests to the vagaries of African politics and pressures to demonstrate greater global activism are bringing about a reconsideration of Beijing's approach to the continent.
The people of the Crimean peninsula in the Ukraine voted overwhelmingly to join the Russian Federation on 16 March 2014. The following day the Crimea declared its independence from the Ukraine as the Republic of Crimea and the Autonomous City of Sevastopol. And on 18 March 2014 the territories formally joined the Russian Federation through a treaty of accession.
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 173, February 2014
SAIIA's Western Cape Branch invites you to a public seminar to be addressed by Ambassador Dr. Hisham AL-ALAWI, Embassy of Iraq, Pretoria, on “Building a stable and prosperous democracy in Iraq: Progress and Challenges”.
Somalia-based piracy attacks have decreased significantly in the course of 2013. As international efforts to combat Somali-based piracy begin to deliver results, however, there is growing concern over the marked increase in piracy incidents in the Gulf of Guinea, particularly targeted at the region’s oil and gas sector.
Northam Platinum Mine and the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) are currently embroiled in a protracted labour dispute. To date, the strike has cost the mine R360m in lost revenue and workers R50m in lost basic wages. Northam has revised its offer three times, whereas NUM has failed to budge. This dispute is the latest in a long line of strikes that have devastated the mining industry since early 2012.
Jacques Foccart’s phrase ‘partir pour mieux rester’ (‘leaving in order to stay’) has long exemplified how successive French governments have dealt with Africa. Francophone Africa specifically has been seen as an enduring extension of France. On 6 and 7 December 2013, French President François Hollande will host over 40 African Heads of State and Government at the presidential palace, the Elysée in Paris.
Just over a month ago, President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya wrote an op-ed about the tremendous opportunities that were opening up to Kenya and east Africa from their geographical positioning in one of the world’s most dynamic regions – the Indian Ocean Rim.