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Peace and Security (347)

Wednesday, 30 April 2008

SA Earns its UN Stripes

The reason it has taken the country 12 years to get a Security Council seat could be that other African countries regard the nation as too pushy in its role on the international stage.Somewhat prematurely, I thought, President Thabo Mbeki announced to his recent guest, Russian President Vladimir Putin that SA would be occupying one of the three nonpermanent African seats on the United Nations (UN) Security Council from January next year. Prematurely, because the election to the seats that have become vacant has yet to take place. This will happen during the annual session of the General Assembly that…
Wednesday, 30 April 2008

Now SA Faces the UN Grind

The world is waiting to see how SA presents Africa’s case and tackles global trouble spots. A seat, albeit nonpermanent, at the Security Council is assured. The question is: can SA pull off the task to the credit of all its well-wishers, writes TOM WHEELERTHE vote is over. SA received 186 out of the 192 possible votes in the United Nations (UN) General Assembly supporting its candidacy for a two-year, nonpermanent seat on the UN Security Council.
Pretoria should think long and hard about exposing its young men and women to a dangerous situation in what may be a fruitless quest for stability, writes Tom Wheeler. THE United Nations Security Council voted unanimously on December 6 to establish a regional peacekeeping force for Somalia and to promote negotiations between conflicting elements in the country. Funding for the force was to be voluntary. In agreeing to a regional force and turning over responsibility for establishing the force to the African Union, the council took account of African sensitivities, which call for African solutions to African problems.
SAIIA's War and Organised Crime Project hosted a conference entitled 'War, Conflict and Organised Crime' to which participants from all over the SADC region were invited.
Gail WannenburgBusiness Day, 11 July 2003Known to divers as a paradise of coral reefs and pristine white shores, the southern Mozambique resort camps of Ponto D'Ouro and Ponto Malongane are home to about 3000 people eking out their existence in a drought-stricken environment.
Gail WannenburgPretoria News, 14 June 2004Judge Bernard Ngoepe has dismissed a case brought by a group of alleged mercenaries to compel the South African government to request their extradition from Zimbabwe to stand trial in South Africa under the Foreign Military Assistance Act. The 70 men were arrested in Zimbabwe after the SA government alerted authorities in Zimbabwe and Equatorial Guinea that they were part of a group captured in Equatorial Guinea that have confessed to plans to launch a coup d'etat against the government of that country.
Gail WannenburgOrganised criminal networks in Africa thrive on the role played by middlemen, who together with political and military elites in regimes under United Nations embargo or with insurgents, have been largely responsible for supporting both the legal and illegal trade of commodities regarded as fuelling African conflicts such as coltan, diamonds and timber as well as facilitating the barter of goods for arms.
Herewith the listing of news and media items written by researchers involved in SAIIA's Party System Development in Africa project in PDF format:Op-Eds - May 2007 Ayesha Kajee co-authored these 3 articles featured as a package by IWPR on 4 May 2007: No Lasting Peace Without Border Solution A Question of Justice Kickstarting the Peace Process Op-Eds - April 2007 Zimbabwe as South Africa Circa 1990 (Part II), by Ayesha Kajee, as featured in The Globalist, 3 April 2007. Zimbabwe as South Africa Circa 1990 (Part I), by Ayesha Kajee, as featured in The Globalist, 2 April 2007. The Dirty…
Gail WannenburgGlobal levels of corruption have not improved in the last decade (Global Competitiveness Report 2003). Performance of both developing and richer countries are mixed. Traditional corruption (abuse of public office)-lower on average in OECD countries but undue influence is a major problem for some OECD countries. Southern OECD countries have higher levels of corruption than some African countries e.g. Botswana. Many OECD countries (e.g. USA) score worse on corporate governance than certain African countries e.g. South Africa. OECD based multi-nationals apply different corporate standards at home and in developing countries.
The Star, 8 March 2005It had been a pretty good month for peacemakers in the Middle East - that is until the car-bomb assassination of Lebanon's five-times prime minister Rafik Hariri on 14 February, a modern Valentine's Day massacre.
Sunday Independent, 7 May 2005United States President George Bush seized on the arrest this week of a suspected colleague of Osama bin Laden by Pakistani officials, declaring Abu Faraj al-Libbi's capture 'a critical victory in the war on terror'.
In the immediate wake of the rush-hour bomb blasts in London’s transportation network on Thursday morning, apparently the latest handiwork of Islamist extremists, Britain’s Prime Minister, Tony Blair and a chorus of world leaders and British officials vowed resolutely that terrorists would never win. They have already won critical battles in the wider war on terror.
By Kurt Shillinger7 October 2005, Business DayTHE three suicide bombings on the Indonesian island of Bali last weekend, coming so soon after similar attacks in Britain and Egypt, underscore two critical and correlative points.
SINCE the ratification of the 22nd amendment of the US constitution in 1951, which imposes a two-term limit on the presidency, every occupant of the Oval Office who has bumped up against that restriction has faced scandal in their second term.
14 June 2006, Business DayONE of the most vexing riddles of the global war on terror is what effect capturing or killing Osama bin Laden might have on the nature and trajectory of transnational violent jihadism. The “elimination” of Abu Musab al-Zarqawi, the fierce and elusive leader of al-Qaeda in Iraq, by US forces last week provides the best opportunity yet to examine possible answers to that question.
THE South African government’s response to the report of the Panel of Eminent Persons of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) was: “The assertion that illegal immigrants are subjected to brutal and inhuman treatment is strongly disputed.” The panel, which reviewed the state of governance in SA and produced a report, which was made public in October last year and is now accessible to the public on the APRM secretariat’s website, noted that “despite the solidarity and comradeship between black South Africans and the rest of the people of sub-Saharan Africa during the decades of struggle against apartheid and for…
While South Africans danced in the streets in 1994, Rwandans were hunting down and killing their neighbours. Ten years on, Luleka Mangquku finds the genocide still haunting the country.
The first two United Nations resolutions on Darfur were so threatening it was reasonable to expect decisive action from the special UN Security Council meeting in Nairobi, Kenya, on November 18 and 19. But, as is habitual for the UN, little came of the tough talk.
JANJAWEED and the Lord’s Resistance Army are the armed groups accused of gross human rights violations in Sudan and Uganda respectively. Both are under international scrutiny, and a landmark United Nations (UN) Security Council decision on March 31 could herald a renewed focus on justice in Africa.
In a few days, African leaders will choose a new chairperson of the African Union (AU) for 2007. There is significant pressure from some quarters to elect Sudanese president Omar al-Bashir, a leader who stands accused of genocide.
eAfrica, Volume 2, March 2004 On her first trip north ‘into Africa’, a young South African woman confronts the complexities of reconciliation in Rwanda — and in herself. 
eAfrica, Volume 2, April 2004 IN 2001, Malawian Journalist Peter Banda was assaulted by a band of UDF youth militias while working on a story. He recently caught up with one of his assailants, a long-serving member of the Young Democrats who spoke with Banda on condition of anonymity. The following are excerpts from the interview.
eAfrica, Volume 2, April 2004 Political violence by ruling party youth militias threatens credibility of upcoming elections IT HAS a reputation for being as calm as the lake that bears its name, but as Malawi heads into its third multiparty presidential and parliamentary elections in May, serial attacks allegedly perpetrated by ruling party youth militias against opposition leaders and journalists cast doubts over the stability of the sliver-shaped central African country.
eAfrica, Volume 2, April 2004 WITH a stroke of chutzpah or very bad timing, the government of Ghana has provoked a feud with civil society organisations just as Accra becomes the first to fall under the lens of the African Peer Review Mechanism.
eAfrica, volume 2, April 2004 Discharged and jobless, Africa's former combatants find dubious work as mercenaries. THE foiled coup attempt in Equatorial Guinea in March 2004 provided an urgent reminder of the destabilising consequences when two of Africa's most troubling unsolved problems intersect: poor governance and the platoons of former soldiers and guerrilla fighters left scattered and idling across the continent's former battlefields. The one creates a job market for the opportunistic other.
eAfrica, Volume 2, May 2004 24 years later, Zimbabwe's Big Man jousts with phantoms from a struggle few can remember ON MARCH 21 the state-run Herald Newspaper ran a lengthy analysis explaining why Zimbabwe's ruling party beat its rival, the Movement for Democratic Change, in a by-election in Zengeza township, one of the opposition's urban strongholds in Harare. With characteristic zeal, the newspaper stated: 'African liberation movements which freed people from the yoke of imperialism and colonialism would always get support from the people and that, in Zimbabwe's case, Zanu-PF has that solid track record.'
eAfrica Volume 2, June 2004   Rattled by violent attacks and the crisis in Zimbabwe, white farmers in South Africa take up arms   EXASPERATED by violent attacks and claims against their land, and feeling betrayed by the government for failing to protect them, some of South Africa's Afrikaans farmers have taken up arms to defend themselves against what they regard as a systematic campaign by black radicals to drive them from their land.  
eAfrica Volume 2, June 2004 WITH its legacy of violent, extra-legal land seizures and resulting famine, Zimbabwe has asserted to the world that the only path to reform is the mailed fist. President Robert Mugabe is correct that land ownership and the historical inequities left by colonialism are evocative. Fair redistribution of land is politically and morally necessary in many places in Africa. 
eAfrica Volume 2, July 2004 IN THE 10 years that Rwanda's ruling party, the Rwandese Patriotic Front (RPF), has been in power, it has done much to portray itself as the party for all the country's people. It is an illusion that no one believes, but that everyone - Rwandans and observing foreigners alike - seems willing to accept.
eAfrica Volume 2, September 2004 THREE days after the August 30 UN deadline lapsed for Khartoum to intervene in the humanitarian crisis in Sudan's Darfur region, the secretary-general's special envoy, Jan Pronk, told the Security Council that the government had failed to disarm the Janjaweed rebels or halt their campaign of violence against civilians. Now what?
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