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Natural Resources (378)

SAIIA Report No 11, July 2012  Download - English [.pdf] (2.82 MB) Governance of Africa's Resource Programme The report provides a political economy analysis of the trade in tropical timber from the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) to and through Uganda via the Northern Transit Corridor. The study focuses on international, regional and local demand-side drivers for tropical timber exports from the eastern DRC to and through Uganda.
Address by Nicolas Dasnois on "Africa's Uranium and the Global Nuclear Renaissance", Mountain Club of SA, Gardens, Cape Town
SAIIA Policy Briefing 48, June 2012
World Oceans Day (8th June) is celebrated this year just days ahead of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, also known as Rio+20, where ocean governance will be one of the key themes under discussion. The world's oceans have become an increasingly crowded and contested arena of human activity in recent decades. Fishing and merchant shipping fleets have expanded dramatically in number and vessel capacity, with significant impacts on marine life. Technological innovations and high prices have fuelled exploration and competition for marine minerals and energy resources. Piracy has resurfaced as a major security threat in many parts of…
11 May 2012: Mozambique is on the cusp of a resource boom that is likely to revolutionise the way in which it deals with both its traditional partners and issues emerging in the region. SAIIA's South African Foreign Policy and African Drivers Programme (SAFPAD) team recently undertook field research in the country to better understand what drives Mozambican foreign policy and to assess how the natural resources boom could impact on its relations with regional and global actors.
How do we ensure that Africans benefit maximally, equitably and sustainably from the continent's natural resource riches? This is not a new question. Questions about wise and accountable stewardship of earth's resources have long preoccupied both decision-makers and ordinary citizens the world over.
An Energy Planning Colloquium hosted by South Africa's Department of Energy from 29-30 March served to highlight the challenges the country faces in meeting its high energy demand. As defined by the minister of energy, Dipuo Peters and the minister in the presidency, responsible for the National Planning Commission, Trevor Manual, this included ensuring energy security and efficiency; competitive energy pricing; and lastly, encouraging growth while reducing carbon emissions in the sector.
3 April 2012: SAIIA's Research Associate, Tom Wheeler, and the former CEO of Old Mutual South Africa, Kuseni Dlamini, join a panel discussion to discuss how sanctions placed on Iranian oil exports will affect South Africa. Dlamini is also a member of SAIIA's National Council. Iran is one of South Africa's primary oil suppliers, making up 20% of South Africa's oil imports.
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 114, March 2012
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 113, March 2012
An event co-hosted by SAIIA and ACODE, members of the Governance of Africa's Resources Research Network (GARN)Golf Course Hotel, Kampala, Uganda
SAIIA Report No 10, March 2012  Download - English [.pdf] (1.14 MB) The report investigates the political impacts that oil is likely to have on Uganda. It argues that oil production will have transformative effects on Uganda's local, national and regional political relations. To better understand these impacts, the report attempts to contextualise oil developments within a historical perspective. Since gaining independence from colonial rule in 1962, Uganda's military forces have played a significant role in politics. This is evidenced by a history of military-led coups, and by the survival in office of several post-independence presidents being dependent on creating…
Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is a thorny issue for both governments and large scale mining (LSM) companies. Often operating in remote, unregulated and environmentally sensitive areas, difficult to tax and posing a security challenge on the verges of LSM mine sites, ASM miners are generally discussed at major mining forums as a challenge to be managed, if indeed they form part of the discussion at all. The 2012 "Investing in Africa Mining Indaba", however, revealed a greater urgency among both government and corporate delegates to address ASM mining.
How can Africa extract lasting dividends from the growing global commercial engagement in its mineral and oil resources? The marketing pitch of the 2012 "Investing in Africa Mining Indaba" that took place in Cape Town (from 6 to 9 February) is that it is the biggest and most significant annual event on the African mining industry's calendar. This claim seemed compelling judging by the packed programme, thousands of participants, hundreds of exhibitors, and the wide array of ministerial and company presentations that flooded the Cape Town International Convention Centre. But in the aftermath of the Indaba it is useful to…
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 102, November 2011
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 101, November 2011
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 98, November 2011
SAIIA Research Report No 9, October 2011  Download - English [.pdf] (1.22 MB) Lake Victoria supports one of the largest freshwater fisheries in the world. It is a critical source of food and income for the countries bordering the lake: Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. However, like so many fisheries, the sustainability of this resource is threatened by poor governance, a rapid increase in fishing pressure and widespread illegal practices. This study focuses on Uganda’s Lake Victoria Nile perch fishery. Nile perch is a highvalue species that dominates Uganda’s fish exports, which are the country’s second largest foreign-exchange earner after coffee.
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 35, October 2011
South African Institute of International Affairs cordially invites you to a roundtable discussion hosted by the World Gold Council Standards for Conflict-Free Gold Date:               Wednesday, 5 October 2011 Time:              10:00am – 16:00pm Venue:            Jan Smuts House, East Campus, Wits University RSVP:             Alex Benkenstein - SAIIA Senior Researcher
On behalf of the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA), the Centre for Research and Development, and the Heinrich Böll Stiftung (HBS), we would like to invite you for a roundtable seminar on the topic: ‘Zimbabwe’s Diamonds and the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme: Effectiveness and Responsibilities’ Instead of funding the country’s reconstruction after years of economic collapse, the discovery of alluvial diamonds in Marange, eastern Zimbabwe, in 2006 has plunged the area into chaos and brought with it armed security forces, violence, increased social instability and environmental degradation.Venue: Jan Smuts House
2011 is the United Nations Year of the Forest. It is also the year in which South Africa plays host to the17th Conference of the Parties (COP17). Forestry has come to occupy a central place at international climate negotiations. Both of these events justify a closer look at this important yet threatened natural resource – one of those studied by SAIIA’s Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme.
Walmart’s investment in South Africa has accounted for numerous headlines during the past months. However, one of the less reported stories is how the company’s sustainable seafood policies are contributing to employment in South Africa by sustainably exploiting South Africa’s fish resources. In July 2011, Lonrho, announced that its South African headquartered seafood division, Oceanfresh, would be supplying hake fillets to 500 Walmart stores in the United States by October 2011. The agreement is expected to create over 100 direct jobs and many more indirect jobs in South Africa as Oceanfresh expands its production capabilities to meet the new orders.
As published in The Thinker, Volume 30, pp.30-33 During March and April this year I spent a significant amount of time traversing the complex network of gravel roads that run from Hoima to the shores of Lake Albert in western Uganda. This Lake has become the epicentre of Uganda’s oil sector with nearly 2 billion barrels of proven reserves. Tullow oil that has been leading the exploration campaign recently signed a deal with Total and CNOOC to begin production this year or by the latest in 2012. Lake Albert lies in the Albertine Graben, and oil experts speculate that the…
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 33, July 2011
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 34, July 2011