The dramatic drop in oil prices in the last year has meant substantial revenue losses for African energy-exporting countries and a stalling of shale oil projects as these become less economically viable.
In 2011, at the height of piracy attacks along the Somali coastline and the Gulf of Aden, 237 separate attacks were reported. This figure has fallen drastically over the years, with only 12 attacks being reported in 2014. This decline has been attributed to the collective efforts of the international community to address Somali piracy.
SAIIA's Western Cape Branch cordially invites you to a public seminar to be addressed by SAIIA Research Fellow Joana Ama Osei-Tutu on 'Reflections of the Gulf of Guinea's most neglected natural resource - its maritime domain.'
In the midst of a global commodity price bust and a rapid Chinese economic slowdown, South African mining companies are struggling to keep shafts operational. Exacerbating this difficulty is a generally strained relationship between mining firms and the government over mineral rights.
SAIIA Research Report No 20, August 2015 Download - English (3.08 MB) Governance of Africa's Resources ProgrammeBotswana is at a critical historical juncture. It has enjoyed a stable democracy since 1965 and strong, quality economic growth for the last few decades. However, the diamond revenues on which the country depends are likely to decline in the near future. Economic diversification is therefore a pressing policy concern.
On 12 August 2015, SAIIA's Western Cape Branch held a public seminar addressed by Mr Saliem Fakir, World Wide Fund for Nature, on 'Fracking in South Africa: Good or Bad, To a better understanding of the economics behind South Africa's energy choices.'
In a recent bust at Zurich airport, officials seized eight suitcases of ivory – 262kg worth an estimated £265,000 – contraband that came from about 50 slaughtered elephants. It is difficult to ascertain whether these kinds of raids indicate that law enforcement on distribution routes between Africa and the Far East is improving, or whether busts are simply increasing with poaching rates.
In June 2015, the Department of Mineral Resources gazetted regulations related to hydraulic fracturing or fracking in South Africa offering a framework for the exploitation and exploration of shale gas. It could easily lead one to think that another step has been taken in the direction of the highly controversial question of industrial fracking in the Karoo basin.
Following the tragic killing of striking miners at the Lonmin Mine in Marikana on 16 August 2012, South Africa’s government established a Commission of Inquiry to investigate matters of ‘public, national and international concern’ arising out of the tragic event. Three years on, the release of the Commission’s final report has provoked hostile reactions from many quarters.
The South African Journal of International Affairs invites article submissions and special issue proposals for our forthcoming volumes. Prospective authors may submit their articles via the SAJIA Scholar One website, detailed below. Prospective guest editors are encouraged to contact the Editor, Dr Martha Bridgman, at email@example.com, with a concept note outlining the themed issue and proposed dates.
On Monday 22 June 2015, SAIIA and Chatham House hosted the launch of a report by Alex Vines, Director for Area Studies and International Law, on 'Mozambique to 2018: Managers, Mediators, and Magnates'.
The global economy loses $50 billion every year as a result of poor management of global fish stocks. That figure doesn’t tell the full story of how overfishing, illegal fisheries and environmental degradation impact the livelihoods of coastal and riparian communities, particularly in developing states.
Every year, the United Nations Environment Programme celebrates the World Environment Day on 5 June to raise awareness about environmental issues, reflect on what has been accomplished and call for sustained action globally.
The South Atlantic Zone refers to a grouping of countries from Latin America and Africa that fall on the littoral border of the South Atlantic Ocean. This region holds significant strategic and economic potential for countries from both regions. Traditionally, South Africa’s regional foreign policy is classified as either ‘Latin American’ or ‘African’. However, an approach that conceives of South Atlantic Zone countries as a single entity offers an opportunity to bridge this conceptual and geographic divide while providing a framework for deeper multilateral co-operation.
On 19 May 2015, SAIIA's Western Cape Branch, in partnership with the Conservation Action Trust, invites you to a breakfast seminar on 'The international politics of illegal trade in wildlife.' This seminar will be addressed by a panel of speakers.
Since shortly after independence, Botswana has depended on its diamond revenues. The diamond industry is inextricably linked to other industries, both upstream and downstream, that together provide much of the government's revenue. But these reserves are likely to decline in the near future.
On 8 May 2015, SAIIA hosted a seminar addressed by Prof. V.N. Attri, Chair of Indian Ocean Rim Studies (IORS) for the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA) at the University of Mauritius, on 'The Indian Ocean’s Blue Economy: Perspectives on the Indian Ocean Rim Association.'
In tandem with the steep fall in global commodity prices, demands for a stronger sustainability focus in Africa's extractives industry is on the rise. This shift is leading communities, industry, government and civil society actors to reassess emerging governance challenges in a low commodity price environment.
South Africa is facing a rhino poaching crisis. One of the proposed policy mechanisms to address rhino poaching was the establishment of a Committee of Inquiry to deliberate on matters relating to a possible trade of Rhino Horn.
The 22nd of March every year marks international Water Day. As the world celebrates its most important life-giving natural resource, it is important to take stock of Africa's water challenges and opportunities. Water is the pre-condition for life and the sustainable management of water is fundamental to achieving Africa's development goals.
Global campaigns to protect the world’s forests have raised awareness of the devastating consequences of illegal logging of tropical hardwoods and the clearing of Amazonian and Indonesian rainforests for the cultivation of agricultural crops. In Africa, too, tropical forests face a range of threats.