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Natural Resources (380)

eAfrica Volume 2, July 2004 Study sketches broad-based approach to achieving food security on world's hungriest continent
eAfrica, May 2005High oil prices look set to stay, but Africa is coping far better than during the 1970s oil shocks
A determined entrepreneur turns an arid landscape into a burgeoning vineyard SUN-scorched and starved of rain, Namibia's endless desert and scrubland is an unforgiving place for a determined farmer with a dream. Only 2% of the country receives enough rain to grow crops. Irrigation from rivers is possible only along a few border rivers in the far north and south and borehole irrigation is prohibitively expensive.
Thursday, 24 April 2008

Case Study: Accessing Water

eAfrica, August 2005IN SOUTH Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province, a 30-year water and sanitation concession signed in 1999 between a local municipality and Siza Water Company has been criticised but also has improved infrastructure and service delivery in the area. The Borough of Dolphin Coast municipality (now absorbed into the Ilembe District Municipality) chose the private sector partly as a result of projections in developmental growth and also because they lacked the money to upgrade the existing bulk water and sanitation infrastructure, which was in a poor state.
eAfrica, November 2005ON THE global scales, Nigeria is far from the biggest oil producer, but in one pernicious area it leads the world.Underground oil deposits are often accompanied by large deposits of natural gas that push to the surface when oil is drilled from the ground. In most countries, such gas is captured in pipelines or pumped back underground. But for decades, Nigeria has simply vented the gas into the atmosphere and burned it off - a process known as flaring.
Event materials: Program Trade Policy Briefing 10: Socio-Economic Dynamics of the South African Agricultural Sector (Johann Kirsten) Trade Report 11: "South Africa’s Interests and Negotiating Positions" (Catherine Grant) External links: Oxfam Trade Papers and Reports
I USED to think trade debates were polarised until I discovered genetically modified (GM) foods. Being a rationalist, I was somewhat puzzled by the heated opposition to this liberating technology, prompting a search for answers.
Resources at the Jan Smuts House LibraryJan Smuts House GARP Bibliography Country Studies AngolaDemocratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)Amnesty International: DRC Report January 2007 Global Witness: Same Old Story A background study on natural resources in the Democratic Republic of Congo June 2004SudanTanzaniaDfID: Tanzania FactsheetChina and Africa’s ResourcesCentre for Chinese Studies: China’s Africa Policy January 2006Centre for Chinese Studies: China’s Interests in Africa’s Infrastructure SectorCNOOC: Social Responsibility Report 2005Tralac: A possible SACU/China Free Trade Agreement (FTA): Implications for the South African Manufacturing sectorAmbassador Liu Guijin: 'China's Role in Meeting Africa's Developmental Needs'Dr He Wenping: 'Engaging with NEPAD: A View from…
Ensuring food security and self-sufficiency remains a gargantuan challenge for Africa. Currently more than 200 million people suffer from chronic starvation and malnutrition and generally survive on donor food aid.
A second “scramble for Africa”, driven by the consumptive demands of the major world powers, is underway to extract its natural resources intensively. This global demand for Africa’s resources has propelled commodity prices to record levels.
Monday, 21 April 2008

Are blood diamonds forever?

SECRETIVE, collusive and brutal, or progressive, developmental and transparent? These are the two faces the diamond industry is attempting to come to grips with. Historically, the former reputation is well-earned and well-deserved. Today, the picture is markedly different.
HOLLYWOOD is no longer a diamond’s best friend. Nominated for a number of industry awards, the blockbuster film Blood Diamond represents the greatest public relations challenge to the diamond industry since the exposure of the role diamonds played in fuelling civil wars and conflict in southern, west and central Africa in the 1990s. Indeed, the film itself is set in Sierra Leone in the 1990s and would have been of far greater social and political impact had it been made then.
MINING in Africa appears to be the lifeline for the viability and sustainability of SA’s mining giants, which are facing rising costs related to deep-level mining and ageing mines. A recent survey by the South African Institute of International Affairs, conducted among South African mining firms on their African operations, has found that most respondents see the continent as a promising market.
Africa holds nearly 30% of the planet’s mineral reserves, including 40% of its gold, 60% of its cobalt and 90% of the world’s platinum reserves.  The continent is also an increasingly important global oil producer and has the second largest tropical rain forests in the world.  Rather than these resources being a driver of African development, in many cases their exploitation and extraction has led to environmental degradation, but also to poor governance, underdevelopment and conflict. 
Business Day AS THE world’s poorest, most agriculturally dependent continent, Africa is the most vulnerable region to global climate change. It is estimated that Africa’s gross domestic product could decline up to 10% because of the effects of this phenomenon. Yet, the World Economic Forum on Africa and recent discussion on Africa’s economic outlook for this year made minimal mention of climate change and its economic ramifications for African countries. This is cause for concern, given that climate change is one of the most significant sustainable-development challenges facing the world, with huge implications for all economic enterprises.
by Dianna Games Business in Africa Report, No 3, 2004Business in Africa Project SAIIA: 2004ISBN: 1-919969-28-4Published by SAIIA & funded by the Royal Danish Embassy, Pretoria.     In the rush for markets into the rest of Africa after the country's 1994 democratic elections, South African companies did not regard Nigeria as a most favoured destination. However, it was not long before South African companies recognised that despite the perceived difficulties of the country, Nigeria was a market to be reckoned with. This report is based on a series of interviews conducted both in Nigeria and South Africa over several…
Position: Senior ResearcherProgramme: Governance of Africa's Resources Programme
Head: Governance of Africa's Resources Programme
Position: Senior Researcher Visiting FellowProgramme: Foreign Policy / Governance of Africa's Resources Programme
Position: Senior ResearcherProgramme: Governance of Africa's Resources Programme
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