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Natural Resources (389)

SAIIA Occasional Paper No 98, November 2011
SAIIA Research Report No 9, October 2011  Download - English [.pdf] (1.22 MB) Lake Victoria supports one of the largest freshwater fisheries in the world. It is a critical source of food and income for the countries bordering the lake: Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. However, like so many fisheries, the sustainability of this resource is threatened by poor governance, a rapid increase in fishing pressure and widespread illegal practices. This study focuses on Uganda’s Lake Victoria Nile perch fishery. Nile perch is a highvalue species that dominates Uganda’s fish exports, which are the country’s second largest foreign-exchange earner after coffee.
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 35, October 2011
South African Institute of International Affairs cordially invites you to a roundtable discussion hosted by the World Gold Council Standards for Conflict-Free Gold Date:               Wednesday, 5 October 2011 Time:              10:00am – 16:00pm Venue:            Jan Smuts House, East Campus, Wits University RSVP:             Alex Benkenstein - SAIIA Senior Researcher
On behalf of the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA), the Centre for Research and Development, and the Heinrich Böll Stiftung (HBS), we would like to invite you for a roundtable seminar on the topic: ‘Zimbabwe’s Diamonds and the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme: Effectiveness and Responsibilities’ Instead of funding the country’s reconstruction after years of economic collapse, the discovery of alluvial diamonds in Marange, eastern Zimbabwe, in 2006 has plunged the area into chaos and brought with it armed security forces, violence, increased social instability and environmental degradation.Venue: Jan Smuts House
2011 is the United Nations Year of the Forest. It is also the year in which South Africa plays host to the17th Conference of the Parties (COP17). Forestry has come to occupy a central place at international climate negotiations. Both of these events justify a closer look at this important yet threatened natural resource – one of those studied by SAIIA’s Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme.
Walmart’s investment in South Africa has accounted for numerous headlines during the past months. However, one of the less reported stories is how the company’s sustainable seafood policies are contributing to employment in South Africa by sustainably exploiting South Africa’s fish resources. In July 2011, Lonrho, announced that its South African headquartered seafood division, Oceanfresh, would be supplying hake fillets to 500 Walmart stores in the United States by October 2011. The agreement is expected to create over 100 direct jobs and many more indirect jobs in South Africa as Oceanfresh expands its production capabilities to meet the new orders.
As published in The Thinker, Volume 30, pp.30-33 During March and April this year I spent a significant amount of time traversing the complex network of gravel roads that run from Hoima to the shores of Lake Albert in western Uganda. This Lake has become the epicentre of Uganda’s oil sector with nearly 2 billion barrels of proven reserves. Tullow oil that has been leading the exploration campaign recently signed a deal with Total and CNOOC to begin production this year or by the latest in 2012. Lake Albert lies in the Albertine Graben, and oil experts speculate that the…
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 33, July 2011
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 34, July 2011
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 86, June 2011
As published in The Star, 28 June 2011 Barring war, natural disaster, or revolution in a country, few events can have such a dramatic impact on the life of a nation as secession. In a state-centric world where territorial boundaries mark the outer limit of sovereign political power, secession affects all facets of political, economic and social existence. While Southern Sudan gears up for its long awaited independence celebrations, tensions along the north-south border, and unresolved questions regarding post-independence management of citizenship and the oil industry are raising concerns.
As published by The Times on 1 June 2011 In March, Mineral Resources Minister Susan Shabangu committed herself to reaching a decision on the disputed Eastern Cape Xolobeni mineral sands mining project by April 25. The dispute began in 2008, when the Amadiba community contested the government's decision to award mineral rights in the area.  It is now more than a month after the date committed to and there is still no word from the minister or her department on the issue. Of even greater concern is that calls by a departmental team for further consultation appear to have gone…
June 8th is World Oceans Day, an opportunity to reflect on the condition of the world’s oceans and our broader relationship with the environment. Across many fronts the news is not good. Yet in certain cases governments, NGOs and resource users have come together to form effective partnerships, proving that oceans can bounce back if given an opportunity.
Kanayo F. Nwanze, President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development cordially invites you to a discussion forum on “New challenges, new opportunities: African agriculture in the 21st century”. Date: Tuesday, 3 May 2011Time: 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.Venue: The Cape Sun, Cape Town
Following the successful launch of the Governance of Africa’s Resources Research Network (GARN) in Accra in January 2010, we are planning to hold a 2nd workshop for the network, titled ‘Growing Natural Resource Governance research and policy in Africa’. This two-day event will be held in Cape Town, from 16-17 March 2011. It will include the research institutions currently participating in GARN, as well as several partner institutions. Invitation to attend the 2nd workshop of the Governance of Africa’s Resources Research Network (GARN) in Cape Town, 16 – 17 March 2011
On 2 March 2011, the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI) convened its fifth global conference in Paris, France. South Africa was represented at the conference by Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan, who chaired one of the key panels. Is this perhaps an indication that South Africa is reconsidering its participation in the EITI?
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 29, March 2011
As a new wave of democratisation breaks on Africa’s northern shores, the common goals of the Maghreb’s people are hitting up against starkly different types of state. The situation in Libya is different from Egypt and Tunisia is two respects. First, is the ruthless personality of Libya’s leader, Muammar Gaddafi.
Thursday, 17 February 2011

A Tale of Two Indabas

As publised on (The Times) on 14 February 2011 The Investing in Africa Mining Indaba, which took place this year from 7-10 February, has been going from strength to strength, with more than 4,000 individuals representing more than 800 international companies attending the event. Conspicuously absent from the main event, however, were NGOs and community organizations. The R10 000 registration fee ensured that only the largest international NGOs could attend the first two days of the conference to follow discussions and presentations from mining companies and investment-hungry governments.
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 27, February 2011
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 28, February 2011
As published in the Mail & Guardian, 11 February 2011 DRC President Joseph Kabila’s decree confirming rights to Lake Albert’s oil block 1 and 2 to companies part owned by Khulubuse Zuma embroiled the South African president’s nephew in a legal dispute with a leading oil company operating in Africa, Tullow Oil. Important questions for South Africans to ponder are, what benefit this kind of investment brings to our shores and whether other SA investments in the DRC, such as gold mining, are undermined by this way of doing business?
As published in The New Age, 7 February 2011 In the run-up to Uganda’s presidential and parliamentary elections – due to start on 12 February – political party promises ring familiar: economic growth and stability through increased production, universal primary education and improved infrastructure. As the campaigning mercury rises, the already marginalised environmental sector slips even lower on politicians’ agenda. Politicians might consider the environment a “soft” issue, yet for the 88% of Ugandans who live in rural areas and who depend directly on the environment and natural resources for their livelihoods, Uganda’s environmental crisis is of paramount concern.
The New Age, 24 January 2011 On December 22 the UN Security Council agreed to a request by the African Union Commission to expand the existing Amisom (African Union Mission in Somalia) force in Somalia from 8000 to 12000 troops.
A Roundtable Seminar Report: Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme (GARP) Thursday, 13 January 2011, 9:30am-2:00pm Jan Smuts House, University of the Witwatersrand Johannesburg
The South African Institute of International Affairs cordially invites you to a seminar organised by the Governance of Africa's Resources Programme ‘Can Sudan's resources be shared? Implications of the Southern Sudan referendum’Venue: Jan Smuts House
Next month Ugandans will go to the polls for presidential and parliamentary elections. It is an interesting time for a changing of the guard in Parliament, as Uganda will soon be the latest oil-producing country on the continent. Tullow Oil Plc, the London-based company leading oil development in the country, recently increased its figures for proven reserves to 1 billion barrels, representing billions of dollars in potential government revenue.  Already there are concerns over a lack of transparency and government accountability related to oil agreements and revenues. What role is Parliament expected to play in holding the Executive to account…