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Natural Resources (396)

An event co-hosted by SAIIA and ACODE, members of the Governance of Africa's Resources Research Network (GARN)Golf Course Hotel, Kampala, Uganda
SAIIA Report No 10, March 2012  Download - English [.pdf] (1.14 MB) The report investigates the political impacts that oil is likely to have on Uganda. It argues that oil production will have transformative effects on Uganda's local, national and regional political relations. To better understand these impacts, the report attempts to contextualise oil developments within a historical perspective. Since gaining independence from colonial rule in 1962, Uganda's military forces have played a significant role in politics. This is evidenced by a history of military-led coups, and by the survival in office of several post-independence presidents being dependent on creating…
Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) is a thorny issue for both governments and large scale mining (LSM) companies. Often operating in remote, unregulated and environmentally sensitive areas, difficult to tax and posing a security challenge on the verges of LSM mine sites, ASM miners are generally discussed at major mining forums as a challenge to be managed, if indeed they form part of the discussion at all. The 2012 "Investing in Africa Mining Indaba", however, revealed a greater urgency among both government and corporate delegates to address ASM mining.
How can Africa extract lasting dividends from the growing global commercial engagement in its mineral and oil resources? The marketing pitch of the 2012 "Investing in Africa Mining Indaba" that took place in Cape Town (from 6 to 9 February) is that it is the biggest and most significant annual event on the African mining industry's calendar. This claim seemed compelling judging by the packed programme, thousands of participants, hundreds of exhibitors, and the wide array of ministerial and company presentations that flooded the Cape Town International Convention Centre. But in the aftermath of the Indaba it is useful to…
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 102, November 2011
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 101, November 2011
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 98, November 2011
SAIIA Research Report No 9, October 2011  Download - English [.pdf] (1.22 MB) Lake Victoria supports one of the largest freshwater fisheries in the world. It is a critical source of food and income for the countries bordering the lake: Uganda, Kenya and Tanzania. However, like so many fisheries, the sustainability of this resource is threatened by poor governance, a rapid increase in fishing pressure and widespread illegal practices. This study focuses on Uganda’s Lake Victoria Nile perch fishery. Nile perch is a highvalue species that dominates Uganda’s fish exports, which are the country’s second largest foreign-exchange earner after coffee.
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 35, October 2011
South African Institute of International Affairs cordially invites you to a roundtable discussion hosted by the World Gold Council Standards for Conflict-Free Gold Date:               Wednesday, 5 October 2011 Time:              10:00am – 16:00pm Venue:            Jan Smuts House, East Campus, Wits University RSVP:             Alex Benkenstein - SAIIA Senior Researcher
On behalf of the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA), the Centre for Research and Development, and the Heinrich Böll Stiftung (HBS), we would like to invite you for a roundtable seminar on the topic: ‘Zimbabwe’s Diamonds and the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme: Effectiveness and Responsibilities’ Instead of funding the country’s reconstruction after years of economic collapse, the discovery of alluvial diamonds in Marange, eastern Zimbabwe, in 2006 has plunged the area into chaos and brought with it armed security forces, violence, increased social instability and environmental degradation.Venue: Jan Smuts House
2011 is the United Nations Year of the Forest. It is also the year in which South Africa plays host to the17th Conference of the Parties (COP17). Forestry has come to occupy a central place at international climate negotiations. Both of these events justify a closer look at this important yet threatened natural resource – one of those studied by SAIIA’s Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme.
Walmart’s investment in South Africa has accounted for numerous headlines during the past months. However, one of the less reported stories is how the company’s sustainable seafood policies are contributing to employment in South Africa by sustainably exploiting South Africa’s fish resources. In July 2011, Lonrho, announced that its South African headquartered seafood division, Oceanfresh, would be supplying hake fillets to 500 Walmart stores in the United States by October 2011. The agreement is expected to create over 100 direct jobs and many more indirect jobs in South Africa as Oceanfresh expands its production capabilities to meet the new orders.
As published in The Thinker, Volume 30, pp.30-33 During March and April this year I spent a significant amount of time traversing the complex network of gravel roads that run from Hoima to the shores of Lake Albert in western Uganda. This Lake has become the epicentre of Uganda’s oil sector with nearly 2 billion barrels of proven reserves. Tullow oil that has been leading the exploration campaign recently signed a deal with Total and CNOOC to begin production this year or by the latest in 2012. Lake Albert lies in the Albertine Graben, and oil experts speculate that the…
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 33, July 2011
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 34, July 2011
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 86, June 2011
As published in The Star, 28 June 2011 Barring war, natural disaster, or revolution in a country, few events can have such a dramatic impact on the life of a nation as secession. In a state-centric world where territorial boundaries mark the outer limit of sovereign political power, secession affects all facets of political, economic and social existence. While Southern Sudan gears up for its long awaited independence celebrations, tensions along the north-south border, and unresolved questions regarding post-independence management of citizenship and the oil industry are raising concerns.
As published by The Times on 1 June 2011 In March, Mineral Resources Minister Susan Shabangu committed herself to reaching a decision on the disputed Eastern Cape Xolobeni mineral sands mining project by April 25. The dispute began in 2008, when the Amadiba community contested the government's decision to award mineral rights in the area.  It is now more than a month after the date committed to and there is still no word from the minister or her department on the issue. Of even greater concern is that calls by a departmental team for further consultation appear to have gone…
June 8th is World Oceans Day, an opportunity to reflect on the condition of the world’s oceans and our broader relationship with the environment. Across many fronts the news is not good. Yet in certain cases governments, NGOs and resource users have come together to form effective partnerships, proving that oceans can bounce back if given an opportunity.
Kanayo F. Nwanze, President of the International Fund for Agricultural Development cordially invites you to a discussion forum on “New challenges, new opportunities: African agriculture in the 21st century”. Date: Tuesday, 3 May 2011Time: 9 a.m. to 2 p.m.Venue: The Cape Sun, Cape Town
Following the successful launch of the Governance of Africa’s Resources Research Network (GARN) in Accra in January 2010, we are planning to hold a 2nd workshop for the network, titled ‘Growing Natural Resource Governance research and policy in Africa’. This two-day event will be held in Cape Town, from 16-17 March 2011. It will include the research institutions currently participating in GARN, as well as several partner institutions. Invitation to attend the 2nd workshop of the Governance of Africa’s Resources Research Network (GARN) in Cape Town, 16 – 17 March 2011
On 2 March 2011, the Extractive Industry Transparency Initiative (EITI) convened its fifth global conference in Paris, France. South Africa was represented at the conference by Finance Minister Pravin Gordhan, who chaired one of the key panels. Is this perhaps an indication that South Africa is reconsidering its participation in the EITI?
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 29, March 2011
As a new wave of democratisation breaks on Africa’s northern shores, the common goals of the Maghreb’s people are hitting up against starkly different types of state. The situation in Libya is different from Egypt and Tunisia is two respects. First, is the ruthless personality of Libya’s leader, Muammar Gaddafi.
Thursday, 17 February 2011

A Tale of Two Indabas

As publised on (The Times) on 14 February 2011 The Investing in Africa Mining Indaba, which took place this year from 7-10 February, has been going from strength to strength, with more than 4,000 individuals representing more than 800 international companies attending the event. Conspicuously absent from the main event, however, were NGOs and community organizations. The R10 000 registration fee ensured that only the largest international NGOs could attend the first two days of the conference to follow discussions and presentations from mining companies and investment-hungry governments.