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Human Development and Poverty (277)

eAfrica, August 2005PUBLIC-private partnerships have been hailed as a new way to conduct state business and harness the funding and expertise of the private sector. But a new study shows they fail unless government plans well and fixes its chronic problems of non-transparent politically-manipulated procurement.
ceAfrica, September 2005EMILY Tyler, who handles climate project transactions for SouthSouthNorth, a development organisation specialising in CDM projects with headquarters in Cape Town, says that the market structure of the CDM, combined with the current low price of carbon, makes it difficult for smaller sustainable development projects to attract funding. The Kuyasa Housing CDM Project, run jointly with the City of Cape Town, recently became the first project in Africa to be registered with the CDM Executive Board. The project neatly satisfies the criteria of the CDM, and even won third prize in April 2004 at the PointCarbon 'Carbon Insights'…
eAfrica, October 2005TELEVISION has been hailed, at least since the 1960s, as one of the most powerful forces of social change in the developed world.
eAfrica, October 2005This is an abridged version of the 20 October 2005 inaugural speech by Elizabeth Sidiropoulos, the new national director of the South African Institute of International Affairs.
eAfrica, October 2005THE global development debate focuses on tangibles: investment incentives, governance and corruption, among others. As important as those factors are, the speed with which an economy grows depends even more on one vital intangible - its relationship with uncomfortable truths.
eAfrica, November 2005Calestous Juma argues that addressing Africa's development challenges requires the creation of a new generation of universities that focus on solving community problems.
eAfrica, November 2005The world's poorest continent will be worst affected as global temperatures rise.
eAfrica, December 2005WITH apparent enthusiasm the UN, most development aid donors and agencies, academics, politicians and journalists seem to have embraced the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) as a prime measure of development progress.
2005 has been declared the 'Year of Microcredit' by the UN, thus acknowledging the journey of microcredit from an obscure experiment in the mid-1970s to the status of a worldwide movement. The movement has captivated not just the entire development aid industry, but journalists, editorial writers, policy makers and much of the general public in both the North and the South.
eAfrica, December 2005'THE key issues confronting our people are job creation and poverty alleviation.' Attribute that quote to any African leader, from lowly municipal manager to country president, and the chances are it would be applicable, overwhelmingly so. It is, after all, a great vote-catching line. Ebrahim Rasool, premier of South Africa's Western Cape province, used it last year when launching the Red Door initiative, a $18 million training programme aimed at enabling emerging entrepreneurs to break into the micro-enterprise sector.
eAfrica, December 2005THE nations of the world unanimously approved the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which commit humanity to radically reducing poverty. But they never asked a most basic question: how will meeting the MDGs make the poor more economically competitive and self-reliant?
Thursday, 24 April 2008

SADC Barometer

The SADC Barometer, a quarterly periodical published by SAIIA from 2003-2005, focused on key issues and trends affecting the Southern African Development Community. It formed part of a two-year project, funded by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation and the US Agency for International Development, to monitor progress toward regional integration and development.
At a time when the international community is preoccupied with crises in Iraq, the Middle East, postwar reconstruction in Afghanistan and aid to countries hit by the Asian tsunami disaster, many commentators have justifiably concluded that Africa would be off the radar screens of donor countries save for limited military and humanitarian interventions in a few countries.
FOOD security has consistently eluded Southern African Development Community (SADC) countries over the past five years. Millions of people still suffer from chronic starvation and malnutrition. The future is not promising either — climate-change specialists predict continuing droughts and attendant famines. Clearly, these challenges urgently require robust and sustainable corrective measures.
Ensuring food security and self-sufficiency remains a gargantuan challenge for Africa. Currently more than 200 million people suffer from chronic starvation and malnutrition and generally survive on donor food aid.
Labour market regulation is a thorny issue in African economic policy debates. In many African countries, labour movements played an important role in liberation struggles. Labour is therefore often well-organised, and labour market regulation is now remarkably well developed in many places on the continent. But do the labour markets they regulate work?
South Africa's International Trade Diplomacy: Implications for Regional Integration (2006), Volume 1 in a Fredrich Ebert Foundation (Botswana) funded project entitled "Regional Integration in Southern Africa." Peter Draper (SAIIA), Mmatlou Kalaba (Trade and Industrial Policy Strategies), and Phil Alves (SAIIA) South Africa's Bilateral Investment Treaties: Implications for Development and Human Rights (2006), Occaisonal Paper number 26 in the Friedrich Ebert Stiftung's "Dialogue on Globalisation" series. Luke Eric Peterson (International Institute for Sustainable Development) The Role of South Africa in Global Structural Policy (2006), a discussion paper commissioned and published by the German Development Institute. Peter Draper (SAIIA), Tom Wheeler (SAIIA),…
Following many attempts at political and economic integration, the New Partnership for African Development (NEPAD) appears to be the road map with which the continent will extricate itself from exploitation, poverty and global weakness.
eAfrica Volume 2, June 2004
Tony Blair's Africa Commission is due to make its report public on how to assist African development early next year. What should this report contain? The problem for Blair and his fellow travellers is not that they lack the best intentions. The commission's establishment is an indication of the priority the UK prime minister has attached to Africa, which, he has said, is a "scar on the conscience of the world".
Why are most Africans in Sub-Saharan Africa poor and why are they getting poorer while most people in the rest of the world are becoming better off? The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund who have become Sub-Saharan Africa’s fairy godmother and godfather respectively, every year churn out statistics that tell the same tale – Africans are poor and in many instances have fallen so far down it is difficult to imagine them getting poorer. With poverty and growing impoverishment go conflicts over scarce and shrinking resources. Hence Sub-Saharan Africa’s apparently never ending cycle of violent conflicts.
Africa holds nearly 30% of the planet’s mineral reserves, including 40% of its gold, 60% of its cobalt and 90% of the world’s platinum reserves.  The continent is also an increasingly important global oil producer and has the second largest tropical rain forests in the world.  Rather than these resources being a driver of African development, in many cases their exploitation and extraction has led to environmental degradation, but also to poor governance, underdevelopment and conflict. 
A new study seeks to raise awareness of women’s changing roles in migration and assess the impact of remittances sent by women migrants on the SADC region. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Gender, Remittances and Development: Preliminary Findings from Selected SADC Countries (link),” published by the United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (UN-INSTRAW) and the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA), with support from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), highlights the growing impact of women’s migration on households, families and communities in selected countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).
Team Leader: Tim HughesTeam: Greg Mills, Neuma Grobbelaar, Ross Herbert, William Mabena, Mark Shaw, Elizabeth Sidiropoulos SAIIA: 2003ISBN: 1-919969-02-0 Pages: 125 How can Southern African governments, policy planners, businesses, the donor community, aid agencies and NGOs improve their strategic decision-making for the coming decade? One vital tool for clearer analysis is the design of future scenarios. Southern African Scenarios 2015 examines the prevailing social, political and economic conditions in the Southern African region and sketches three possible scenarios for each of the key factors or drivers (such as health, trade and investment) that are likely to determine the future of…
Edited by Neuma Grobbelaar SAIIA: 2003ISBN: 1-919969-11-X Pages: 207 Chapter 5 has been translated into Portuguese for our Portuguese readers Africa has the world's largest mine contamination problem and over 30 states are affected. However, Southern African states have endorsed an anti-personnel mine free zone and are dealing with the problem through their national mine action programmes.
China has captured the world's attention. There are two reasons for this: 1.3 billion people and a rate of economic growth doubling the economy every five years since 1980.
By John McKaySAIIA: 2005 ISBN: 1-919969-30-6Published by SAIIA and funded by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation. Series editor: Elizabeth Sidiropoulos The Global Best Practice series examines a number of case studies in various sectors, with the aim of assessing their potential applicability in the Africa developmental context.
  By Tim Hughes, Eduardo J Sitoe, Florentino D Kassotche and Amilcar F PereiraSAIIA: 2005 ISBN: 1-919969-49-7Published by SAIIA and funded by the Konrad Adenauer Foundation   The Global Best Practice series examines a number of case studies in various sectors, with the aim of assessing their potential applicability in the Africa developmental context.  
Thursday, 17 April 2008

Commonwealth documents

The 2005 Commonwealth Heads of Government Meeting held on 25-27 November looked at ways of bridging the digital divide, enhancing cooperation for prosperity, development and democracy, as well as using Commonwealth networks to achieve these goals, under the theme "Networking the Commonwealth for Development".
Thursday, 17 April 2008

Development through Trade

Established in March 2003 SAIIA's Development through Trade Programme has three principle objectives: Facilitate consultation between governments and civil society over trade and investment policies and negotiations; Facilitate "dialogue" between trade, investment and foreign policies; Broaden public debate over trade and investment policies.