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Human Development and Poverty (273)

eAfrica Volume 2, August 2004 Poor teaching, insufficient resources beset maths and science education in Africa
eAfrica Volume 2, August 2004 As free primary school swells classrooms, Tanzania deploys severely unqualified educators
eAfrica Volume 2, August 2004 In a South African ghetto, a determined principal drives teachers and students to excel
eAfrica Volume 2, August 2004 THE stench wafts for miles around. Nonetheless, people of all ages, mostly men, scurry around the Mbeubeuss dump near Dakar, the capital of Senegal, salvaging anything that can be sold.
eAfrica Volume 2, August 2004 Study of 50 countries indicates high cost of inaction to private sector; Africa worst hit AN  ESTIMATED 36.5 million people engaged in some form of economic activity worldwide are HIV-positive, resulting in an annual loss of $25 billion in productivity - twice the yearly gross domestic product of Kenya.
eAfrica Volume 2, August 2004 EDUCATION is a universal right, a prerequisite for democracy, a path out of material and spiritual poverty. These are the basic ideals behind the global pursuit of universal primary education, one of the Millennium Development Goals, a list of time-based targets for poverty alleviation towards which all 191 UN member states - including all 53 countries in Africa - have agreed to work. If the Goals are achieved, by 2015 the world will 'ensure that all boys and girls complete a full course of primary schooling.'
eAfrica Volume 2, September 2004   WHAT good is getting tested for HIV/AIDS if there is no support system when the results come back? Where is the incentive in finding out your status if the penalty for testing positive is losing some of your rights as a human being? It's almost like playing dead in a desert while a group of vultures circles above.  
eAfrica Volume 2, September 2004   IN JUNE 2004 the World Health Organisation and UNAIDS released a policy statement that cautiously endorsed a new approach to HIV testing in hopes of increasing the number of people worldwide who know their status. While the two organisations emphasise that all testing still needs consent, should be confidential and offered with appropriate counseling, they now say a variety of approaches to testing should be embraced, in addition to voluntary counseling and testing.
eAfrica, Volume 2, April 2004 More and more African countries embrace early mother-tongue instruction as foundational LUNGILE Mlaba stares quietly into her lap when her father speaks about her future. 'I am no good in English and I have got no good job,' he said. 'Lungile will go to university and be a lawyer.' An unskilled labourer, as haggard in the face as in the clothes, Skhonzi Mlaba has spent a lifetime traversing the outer edge of the formal economy, warding off hunger with serial odd jobs — gardening, painting, sweeping. He lives in a shack on the industrial eastern…
ON A continent where HIV/AIDS has become the primary killer and most controversial health-care issue, efforts to curb another deadly disease - malaria - have faltered. Almost five years ago, African leaders signed on to the UN Millennium Development Goals, which include halting and reversing the incidence of malaria worldwide by 2015.
SHE was the first woman in all of East Africa to hold a Ph.D and head a university department. She’s been beaten unconscious by security police, arrested and imprisoned, and appointed to the Cabinet. Her husband divorced her for being ‘too educated, too strong, too successful, too stubborn and too hard to control.’ A committee in Sweden gave her the Nobel Peace Prize.
AN ESTIMATED 2 million people die from malaria worldwide every year. Africa, where 90% of those fatalities occur, bears most of the human and economic costs of the disease. Most of those who die are children under the age of five. Survivors often suffer from impaired cognitive development and face a blighted future.
Yowerik Kaguta Museveni had other things on his mind when he first heard about HIV/AIDS. Three guerrilla factions - his and two others - were waging a fierce and fractured bush war against the despotic regime of Milton Obote. Museveni and his forces were constantly on the move, evading heavy fire from government troops in vast papyrus swamps and thick, steamy forests of western Uganda. One day, the BBC filtered through his shortwave with news of a strange new sexually transmitted disease ravaging far off Zambia.
AT MONTHLY support groups for children infected with the virus that causes AIDS in the hills of northern KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa, Ann Barnard doles out creams and antibiotics for simple HIV-related infections. But one of the most important bottles in her arsenal is not a drug, but a basic multivitamin, which she encourages caretakers to give daily to each infected child.
Capacity, not lack of cash, undermines Pretoria's bid to ease povertyIn February, residents of Phomolong, a township near the South African mining town of Welkom, looted local businesses and threatened to attack resident officials perceived as corrupt. Two days later, another township, Mmamahabane, erupted in violence as residents tried to block traffic on a main highway to publicise their frustrations. Similar episodes erupted across the Free State province, in central South Africa.
IN JANUARY, the UN Millennium Project, an independent body advising UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, published Investing in Development, A Practical Plan to Achieve the Millennium Development Goals. Below are excerpts of the project's top 10 recommendations based on the findings of its 10 task forces.
LAST year, Neo Chitombo became pregnant with her third child. Unemployed, she turned to Thari ya Basadi - an income-generating project for women living with HIV in Botswana.
Friday, 25 April 2008

Development Diaries

eAfrica, May 2005MOROCCO, 1960s. The four-year-old US Agency for International Development is aggressively promoting a chicken improvement project in central Morocco. It has determined that Moroccan chickens (like Moroccan cows, goats, and sheep) are scrawny, under-nourished, and under-productive. If Moroccan chickens were to be improved, more chicken meat and more eggs would be available for less money; people would eat more healthily and producers would make more money. All of this makes sense, and everyone, including the Moroccan government approves of the project. Thousands of baby chicks (Rhode Island Reds, I recall), along with a number of poultry experts are…
eAfrica, June 2005AFRICAN banks are caught in a vicious cycle: lack of infrastructure and weak technology mean poor service and high costs. Few customers can access bank services, so savings levels remain low and businesses cannot borrow to expand.
eAfrica, June 2005Africa has the world's lowest savings rate, with little capital for banks to lend to grow productive enterprise. South Africa is changing the rules by bringing the poor into the banking system.
eAfrica, June 2005Bill Corcoran offers a first-hand look at a brutal campaign that's destroying livelihoods.IN LATE May, the Zimbabwean army and police drove into the large informal settlement at Hatcliffe, outside Harare with bulldozers, and either burnt to the ground or flattened the 3,000 homes in which about 15,000 people lived. For days residents stayed amid the rubble, trying to protect salvageable possessions and hoping for relief. As we drove into the wrecked township, people's possessions were piled up along the dirt road next to where their homes once stood.
eAfrica, July 2005Governments, donors must recognise the role of religious groups in caring for vulnerable children.
eAfrica, July 2005ON A maize-covered hill in Swaziland's central belt, 75-year-old Josphephia Sihlongonyane surveyed the coming harvest with her neighbour, Dorkas Dlamini. The ears were fat and drying on the stalk in the April sun. It would be a fine yield, the two women agreed.
eAfrica, July 2005AS FAR back as 2003 a World Bank report warned that most studies on the macroeconomic costs of AIDS - as measured by reduced GDP rates - were underestimating the impact of tearing holes in Africa's social fabric. Previous studies estimated that AIDS reduces GDP from between 0.3 and 1.5 %, according to the report, The Long-Term Costs of AIDS: Theory and Application to South Africa. But that is only the directly measurable aspects of cost. The impact is altogether larger.
On 1 November 2006 the EU-Africa Programme held an all-day conference that looked at, among others, the EU’s adoption of the Africa Strategy in 2005, and the decision in May 2006 to work with the AU to develop a joint EU-Africa strategy, which has energised the cooperation between the two bodies in developing strong partnerships. It also looked at the challenges a number of African countries face when it comes to creating a climate that can stimulate domestic and foreign investment into their economies. Below are some of the presentations from the 'Partnership for Growth and Development: Synergies between the…
Thursday, 24 April 2008

Case Study: Accessing Water

eAfrica, August 2005IN SOUTH Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province, a 30-year water and sanitation concession signed in 1999 between a local municipality and Siza Water Company has been criticised but also has improved infrastructure and service delivery in the area. The Borough of Dolphin Coast municipality (now absorbed into the Ilembe District Municipality) chose the private sector partly as a result of projections in developmental growth and also because they lacked the money to upgrade the existing bulk water and sanitation infrastructure, which was in a poor state.
eAfrica, August 2005PUBLIC-private partnerships have been hailed as a new way to conduct state business and harness the funding and expertise of the private sector. But a new study shows they fail unless government plans well and fixes its chronic problems of non-transparent politically-manipulated procurement.
ceAfrica, September 2005EMILY Tyler, who handles climate project transactions for SouthSouthNorth, a development organisation specialising in CDM projects with headquarters in Cape Town, says that the market structure of the CDM, combined with the current low price of carbon, makes it difficult for smaller sustainable development projects to attract funding. The Kuyasa Housing CDM Project, run jointly with the City of Cape Town, recently became the first project in Africa to be registered with the CDM Executive Board. The project neatly satisfies the criteria of the CDM, and even won third prize in April 2004 at the PointCarbon 'Carbon Insights'…
eAfrica, October 2005TELEVISION has been hailed, at least since the 1960s, as one of the most powerful forces of social change in the developed world.
eAfrica, October 2005This is an abridged version of the 20 October 2005 inaugural speech by Elizabeth Sidiropoulos, the new national director of the South African Institute of International Affairs.