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Human Development and Poverty (273)

Friday, 30 January 2009

"Helping" Africa

Particular moments - like Barack Obama's presidential inauguration - seem wired with history. Expectations are high that he will be a natural friend of Africa. Could his presidency be the historical moment in which Africa assumes its place in the world?
Poachers are not the core problem in the management of South African marine resources, it is poor policy. This poor policy effectively turns ordinary traditional fishers into poachers and traditional law enforcement strategies are failing to curb the problem. 
More countries have a firmer grasp of the extent of the epidemic - in 2004 only 102 countries maintained consistent records, whereas in 2008 45 more have better, more rigorous information about the epidemic.
Swaziland’s parliamentary elections have underlined the dire and longstanding problems that confront the small southern African nation. The country needs seriously to reconsider its political arrangements if it is to deal with the challenges it faces.
The 63rd Session of the General Assembly, which opened this Tuesday, 16 September 2008, will surely be of particular significance to President Thabo Mbeki. Not only will his address to the General Assembly Session - on 24 September 2008 - be his last as President of South Africa, but the Session will no doubt be of great importance, given its focus on the African Agenda as well as the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs).
As this year's International Aids Conference begins in Mexico City, AllAfrica guest columnist George Katito says African governments and civil society will need to assert themselves more vigorously if the goal of an Aids-free generation is to be realised.
Senior Research Associate
The recent report of a high-level aid watchdog says the G8 group of industrialized nations has fallen short of its aid promises to Africa by U.S. $40 billion. Although the report stops short of charting a clear way forward in the relationship, it proposes some positive measures, writes AllAfrica guest columnist George Katito, and this week's G8 Summit needs to identify bottlenecks to aid flows.
Position: ResearcherProgramme: Economic Diplomacy Programme
In the past decade South Africa has seen an exponential growth in cash-in-transit robberies, vehicle hijacking, illicit drug trade and white-collar crime, among others. The level of skill in the planning and execution of these organised criminal acts is creating considerable problems for the police, prosecutors, financial institutions and private security companies.
eAfrica Volume 2, August 2004Children languish as leaders fumble to meet even minimal goals; 10 points that need attention.
eAfrica, August 2005 IN SOUTH Africa's KwaZulu-Natal province, a 30-year water and sanitation concession signed in 1999 between a local municipality and Siza Water Company has been criticised but also has improved infrastructure and service delivery in the area. The Borough of Dolphin Coast municipality (now absorbed into the Ilembe District Municipality) chose the private sector partly as a result of projections in developmental growth and also because they lacked the money to upgrade the existing bulk water and sanitation infrastructure, which was in a poor state.
eAfrica Volume 2, June 2004 EVELYN Mudzongachiso represents the last link in one of Zimbabwe's many chains of modern misery. The worse things get under President Robert Mugabe's deepening repression, the more people are attempting to leave the country. As more people try to get exit visas, foreign embassies tighten their requirements. The harder it becomes to get a visa, the greater the demand for bribes. 'I am a teacher by profession and I am getting nothing, so why should I be patriotic to a system which is not grateful to what I'm offering?' said Mudzongachiso, a resident of a…
BOTH Latin America and SA experienced positive economic growth last year, coupled with stable exchange rates, controlled inflation and a strong domestic consumer market. But severe poverty, a worsening income gap and uncertainty about the sustainability of economic growth are the real challenges that both face in the future.
Each year, the Outlook also provides an in-depth analysis of a topic critical for Africa's development prospects. The 2007 focus is on Access to Drinking Water and Sanitation. Some 10 million people have been given access annually to drinking water over 1990-2004 in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Edited by Peroshni Govender and Steven Gruzd SAIIA: 2004ISBN: 1-919969-16-0Published by SAIIA & funded by the Royal Netherlands Embassy. This report highlights the challenges in African education and encourages governments to start planning and expanding their secondary education sector. The report was edited and produced by SAIIA's Nepad and Governance project which is funded by Royal Netherlands Embassy.
African agriculture is in crisis, and the price tag the New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad) has put on its recovery is not small. Nepad estimates donors (mainly) will have to cough up $251bn between 2002 and 2015. Currently, the continent gets about $16bn in development aid and imports food worth about $19bn every year.
Herewith the listing of news and media items written by researchers involved in SAIIA's Development Through Trade project. Articles are not necessarily confined to the project's area of focus. December 2007 Development through Trade (monthly column) by Phil Alves, as featured in the Business Day Exporter, 04 December 2007 November 2007 Multilateralizing Regionalism - Implications for Africa by Peter Draper, as featured in Business in Africa, 15 November 2007 Rival crews can both steer by the star of competition by Peter Draper and Raymond Parsons, as featured in the Business Day, 09 November 2007 Development through Trade (monthly column) by…
eAfrica, Volume 2, February 2004 THE predictions certainly seemed plausible. Mix drought with Mugabe’s chaotic upheaval on the commercial farms and what once was a bread basket was bound to become a dust bowl. Aid agencies have warned repeatedly over the past three years that half of Zimbabwe’s 12 million citizens were sitting on the brink of starvation.
Monday, 28 April 2008

While All Around They Die

eAfrica, volume 2, April 2004 ON THE impassable dirt lanes that cut through her township outside Maputo, Mozambique's capital, very few people know that Sharmila is HIV-positive. She hopes to keep it that way — and even though she lives in the conditions that accelerate the more graphic, tell-tale manifestations of full-blown AIDS, she just might be able to. 
eAfrica, Volume 2, May 2004 African and Western policymakers refine agenda for continent's development in Maputo AT A time when Africa is struggling to redefine its place in the global village and battling against marginalisation in a world shaken by terrorism, the African Partnership Forum - a vehicle originally established for dialogue between Nepad and the Group of Eight industrialised countries - provides a key window on the continent's progress. 
eAfrica Volume 2, June 2004 EVELYN Mudzongachiso represents the last link in one of Zimbabwe's many chains of modern misery. The worse things get under President Robert Mugabe's deepening repression, the more people are attempting to leave the country. As more people try to get exit visas, foreign embassies tighten their requirements. The harder it becomes to get a visa, the greater the demand for bribes.
eAfrica Volume 2, July 2004  School feeding schemes provide incentives for destitute families to keep their children in class THE air-conditioned UN Land Cruiser deposited me next to a line of barefoot children that cut across a bone-dry schoolyard. A group of women scooped steaming cups of maize meal into the children's red plastic dishes as ribbons of steam curled up into their faces from the battered pots. Boys and girls gathered in clutches outside their classroom, laughing and eating with relish, as a group of colourfully dressed Masai stood forlornly with their emaciated Brahmin cattle in the background.
eAfrica Volume 2, July 2004 FIVE years ago, Banareng Primary School in Atteridgeville, a township near Pretoria, was losing its battle against the typical consequences of poverty. Attendance and grades were poor and illnesses among students frequent.
Monday, 28 April 2008

Seeding the Harvest

eAfrica Volume 2, July 2004 FOR two years 18 international experts in agricultural sciences and economics considered how to apply science and technology more effectively to respond to the central challenges of farming in Africa, which include: predominance of customary land tenure; lack of functioning competitive markets and politically enabling environments; and inherently poor soil fertility. The panel's recommendations follow:
eAfrica Volume 2, July 2004 Study sketches broad-based approach to achieving food security on world's hungriest continent
eAfrica Volume 2, July 2004 AFRICA, Henry Kissinger writes in his book Does America Need a Foreign Policy?, is destined to become 'the festering disaster of our age.' In his view, only the 'moral commitment of the American people and the international community' can save us from that fate.
eAfrica Volume 2, July 2004 But study highlights constructive ways to break continent's stubborn economic malaise
eAfrica Volume 2, July 2004   IN 1980, 133 million people living south of the Sahara faced constant malnutrition. Apparently, that wasn't enough to motivate Africa's leadership to promote reforms that would provide lasting food security on the continent. The succeeding years were punctuated by a series of heart-wrenching famines: Ethiopia in 1984; Somalia and southern Africa in 1992; Zambia, Zimbabwe and Malawi for the past three years running. The amount of food available per capita in Africa today is 3% lower than levels 15 years ago. Some 200 million Africans live with persistent hunger; 33 million of them are…
eAfrica Volume 2, August 2004 ALTHOUGH most of Africa threw off colonial rule four decades ago, the continent's education systems still bear the heavy imprint of curricula designed by erstwhile foreign regimes. In the face of poverty, unemployment, disease, global competition and rapidly changing technology, Africa must ask whether those colonial models are still relevant.