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Climate Change and the Environment (193)

Thursday, 24 April 2008

Saving the Continent

eAfrica, November 2005A REPORT released by the Working Group on Climate Change and Development advocates the following steps to manage the impact of global warming in Africa.
eAfrica, November 2005ON THE global scales, Nigeria is far from the biggest oil producer, but in one pernicious area it leads the world.Underground oil deposits are often accompanied by large deposits of natural gas that push to the surface when oil is drilled from the ground. In most countries, such gas is captured in pipelines or pumped back underground. But for decades, Nigeria has simply vented the gas into the atmosphere and burned it off - a process known as flaring.
eAfrica, November 2005RISING global energy needs will double the carbon dioxide from burning fossil fuels by 2030, with China contributing most towards the increase, says the International Energy Agency (IEA).
eAfrica, November 2005DEVELOPING countries are to receive greater funding and transfers of technology to boost their use of renewable energy supplies.
eAfrica, November 2005The world's poorest continent will be worst affected as global temperatures rise.
eAfrica, November 2005 AFRICA depends on aid for half or more of its public spending, which imposes a perverse system of incentives. For every public need there is a pernicious question to be answered: Do we act swiftly with our own funds or wait for donors to pay?
Resources at the Jan Smuts House LibraryJan Smuts House GARP Bibliography Country Studies AngolaDemocratic Republic of the Congo (DRC)Amnesty International: DRC Report January 2007 Global Witness: Same Old Story A background study on natural resources in the Democratic Republic of Congo June 2004SudanTanzaniaDfID: Tanzania FactsheetChina and Africa’s ResourcesCentre for Chinese Studies: China’s Africa Policy January 2006Centre for Chinese Studies: China’s Interests in Africa’s Infrastructure SectorCNOOC: Social Responsibility Report 2005Tralac: A possible SACU/China Free Trade Agreement (FTA): Implications for the South African Manufacturing sectorAmbassador Liu Guijin: 'China's Role in Meeting Africa's Developmental Needs'Dr He Wenping: 'Engaging with NEPAD: A View from…
A second “scramble for Africa”, driven by the consumptive demands of the major world powers, is underway to extract its natural resources intensively. This global demand for Africa’s resources has propelled commodity prices to record levels.
Africa holds nearly 30% of the planet’s mineral reserves, including 40% of its gold, 60% of its cobalt and 90% of the world’s platinum reserves.  The continent is also an increasingly important global oil producer and has the second largest tropical rain forests in the world.  Rather than these resources being a driver of African development, in many cases their exploitation and extraction has led to environmental degradation, but also to poor governance, underdevelopment and conflict. 
Sir Nicholas Stern, from the British High Commission, is undertaking an international tour to promote The Stern Review and his economic message on the urgency of tackling climate change through active dissemination of the key issues. The Review was launched on 30 October 2006 and it has received significant and positive media coverage around the world. He will be at the institute where he will discuss his findings under the topic 'The Stern Review: Economics of Climate Change' at Jan Smuts House at 7pm. A copy of the Stern Review is available at RSVP: Pumla Moguerane on (011) 339-2021 or Venue: Jan Smuts House
Business Day AS THE world’s poorest, most agriculturally dependent continent, Africa is the most vulnerable region to global climate change. It is estimated that Africa’s gross domestic product could decline up to 10% because of the effects of this phenomenon. Yet, the World Economic Forum on Africa and recent discussion on Africa’s economic outlook for this year made minimal mention of climate change and its economic ramifications for African countries. This is cause for concern, given that climate change is one of the most significant sustainable-development challenges facing the world, with huge implications for all economic enterprises.
Head: Governance of Africa's Resources Programme
Position: Senior ResearcherProgramme: Governance of Africa's Resources Programme
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