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CENTRAL to the Nepad vision of an Africa that is economically vibrant, politically stable and engaged in global affairs on an equal footing with wealthier regions is a desire to be taken seriously and treated fairly. For too long, external intervention on the continent was based on foreign self-interest or charity, or - to a lesser extent - cultural curiosity and well-intentioned but often patronising experiments in social development. The prevailing view of Africa was defined by a set of perpetual 'bads' - wars, pestilence, strongman brutality, famine and genocide.
Friday, 25 April 2008

Two Regions, Two Paths

Responses to Togo, Zimbabwe indicate divergent commitment to democratic reformsTHE decisive intervention by the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) in Togo's political crisis in February was in marked contrast to the hands-off approach by the Southern African Development Community (SADC) to Zimbabwe's violation of the region's new electoral code in the run-up to parliamentary polls later this month.There are clear differences between the two crises.
eAfrica, May 2005THE mixed results from the Pan African Parliament's (PAP) third sitting last month provide food for thought. While they commendably resolved to send peace missions to Cote d'Ivoire and Congo, and made cogent recommendations on the Darfur conflict, they missed opportunities to exercise a crucial function of parliaments: that of oversight.
eAfrica, May 2005THE New Partnership for Africa's Development is built on one crucial but unexamined assumption: that more aid will lead to more development.
eAfrica, June 2005DEADLOCK over the election of a new president of the African Development Bank (AfDB) at last month's annual meeting threatens the bank's bid to become a major channel for the fresh aid to Africa as proposed by UK Prime Minister Tony Blair and the New Partnership for Africa's Development.
Phil Alves, an economist working on the SAIIA Development through Trade project, presented a working paper on the proposed Southern African Customs Union (SACU)-China free trade agreement. China is an emotive issue; discussion at this roundtable was suitably robust. In search of a demandeur – Exploring the contours of a SACU-China trade deal<(March 2006)
Event materials: Record of discussion Presentation - "South African FDI in Southern Africa - the Impact on Services" Presentation - "Regional Integration in SADC and the Liberalisation of Trade in Services"
Event materials: Record of discussion Presentation - "South African FDI in Southern Africa - the Impact on Services" Presentation - "Regional Integration in SADC and the Liberalisation of Trade in Services"
eAfrica, December 2005eAfrica spoke to Dr Bernard Kouassi, who was appointed CE of the APRM in January. Prior to his appointment, he was Executive Secretary and CEO of the food security organisation, Securité Alimentaire Durable en Afrique de l'Ouest Centrale based in Burkina Faso. He has served as Secretary-General of the Pan African Institute for Development in Cameroon and as a Specialist Manager of USAID assistance to the African Development Bank. He has a PhD in Business Administration from the University of Michigan and a Master of Business Admin from the University of Cincinnati and a Licence en Sciences Economique…
Thursday, 24 April 2008

Unlocking the US-SACU FTA

In conjunction with Business Unity South Africa, Business Leadership South Africa, the American Chamber of Commerce, and the WITS Business School, who hosted the event, this two-day conference provided the space to discuss research on four critical issues: trade in services, investment issues, intellectual property issues, and survey work on prevailing attitudes amongst SA business on the proposed trade agreement with the US.A detailed conference program, record of discussion, presentations, and draft working papers (which are for comment) may be found below. Crucially, Dr. Jeffrey J. Schott of the Peterson Institute for International Economics was on hand for the full…
A summary of discussions, as well as two presentations may be found by clicking on the links below. Summary of discussions Presentation: Dr Yenkong Ngangjoh-Hodu (Nordic Africa Institute) Presentation: Jorge Peydro Aznar (EC delegation in South Africa)
Please find below a summary of the key discussion points, two powerpoint presentations, and press coverage of the event: Summary of discussions Presentation: Paul Kalenga (advisor to SADC Secretariat and the RTFP) Presentation: Mark Pearson (director, RTFP) Press coverage: - "SADC-EU partnerships are unlikely by year-end"   Business Report, 03 April - "SADC tariff deal with EU now 'unlikely this year'"    Business Day, 17 April
In association with the Development Centre of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, ParisYou are cordially invited to the launch of the AfDB/OECD 2007 African Economic Outlook, with special reference to access to drinking water and sanitation.Presentations will be made by OECD economists, Federica Marzo on the AEO’s main macroeconomic findings, and Celine Kauffmann on the access to water and sanitation.
Thursday, 24 April 2008

SADC Barometer

The SADC Barometer, a quarterly periodical published by SAIIA from 2003-2005, focused on key issues and trends affecting the Southern African Development Community. It formed part of a two-year project, funded by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation and the US Agency for International Development, to monitor progress toward regional integration and development.
A summary of discussions, as well as two presentations may be found by clicking on the links below. Summary of discussions Presentation: Dr Yenkong Ngangjoh-Hodu (Nordic Africa Institute) Presentation: Jorge Peydro Aznar (EC delegation in South Africa)
Please find below a summary of the key discussion points, two powerpoint presentations, and press coverage of the event: Summary of discussions Presentation: Paul Kalenga (advisor to SADC Secretariat and the RTFP) Presentation: Mark Pearson (director, RTFP) Press coverage: "SADC-EU partnerships are unlikely by year-end"Business Report, 03 April "SADC tariff deal with EU now 'unlikely this year'" Business Day, 17 April
China and southern Africa have received growing international attention in recent years, but for very different reasons. As a rising, rapidly modernizing power, China - already a permanent member of the UN Security Council - is now on the verge of coveted G8 membership and a powerful role in the World Trade Organization.
THERE is much discussion in South African government circles about formulating an African development strategy. Many elements are being implemented by a multitude of government departments and agencies. But one relatively new element should be high on the agenda: the possibility of expanding the Southern African Customs Union (Sacu).
FREE-trade area talks between the Southern African Customs Union (Sacu) and the US are a bit like the children’s film, The Never Ending Story. Except this story may not have a happy ending. Rumours out of Washington suggest the US may be about to walk away from the talks. Evidently, strategic calculations — and associated posturing — are afoot.
China’s rise is inevitable. As long as it remains an outward-oriented economy, China will continue to drive restructuring processes in manufacturing all over the world, particularly in countries that have until now enjoyed the advantages of relatively cheap labour.
THE Southern African Development Community (SADC) is not sexy. The media only takes an interest in it when trade negotiations with the European Union hit (another) snag, or when it is time for SADC heads of state to meet. Even then attention spans generally do not extend beyond the SADC’s messy politics.
THE mixed results achieved at the close of the Pan African Parliament’s third sitting provide food for thought. While it commendably resolved to send peace missions to Côte d’Ivoire and Congo, and made cogent recommendations on the Darfur conflict, it missed opportunities to exercise a crucial function of parliaments: that of oversight.
Von Ayesha KajeeJuly 2005Vor einem Jahr schuf die Afrikanische Union ihr Panafrikanisches Parlament. Die Bilanz bisher ist durchwachsen: Die Abgeordneten votierten einerseits für Friedensmissionen in Côte d’Ivoire und Kongo und gaben Empfehlungen für den Darfur-Konflikt. Andererseits verpassten sie einige Gelegenheiten, eine wesentliche Funktion von Parlamenten auszuüben: Kontrolle. Die Versammlung braucht mutige Vertreter, die verhindern, dass sie zu einem bloßen Debattierklub verkommt.
Article 4 of the Treaty of the Southern African Development Community of 1992 stipulates that 'human rights, democracy and the rule of law' are principles guiding the acts of its members. Article 5 of the Treaty outlines the objectives of SADC, which commits the Member States to 'promote common political values, systems and other shared values which are transmitted through institutions, which are democratic, legitimate and effective'. It also commits Member States to 'consolidate, defend and maintain democracy, peace, security and stability' in the region.
When the Pan African Parliament (PAP) began its fourth sitting late last month, it seemed that the pomp and ceremony accompanying the unveiling of the assembly’s new chambers would not be matched by any increase in the initiative displayed by its members.
Khartoum wants to restrict any future role for the United Nations role in Darfur.The Sudanese capital Khartoum is fraught with diplomatic tension as political manoeuvring continues over how to bring peace to the war-torn western province of Darfur.
Peer Review and Nepad: Zimbabwe - The Litmus Test for African Credibility by Denis Venter, political and economic risk analyst, Africa Consultancy & Research Unit
The Kebble-Maduna saga, the arms deal, the mining charter and mining royalty bill have thrown into sharp relief the complex and often fraught relationship between business and government. It also brings into question the critical rules of engagement.
A prevailing dilemma for leaders from the Group of Eight (G8) and Africa centres on the future prospects of the much-hailed New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad).
Edited by Greg Mills & Elizabeth SidiropoulosSAIIA: 2004ISBN: 1-919969-10-1 Pages: 200Price: R80,00The 1990s and 2000s witnessed a proliferation of UN sanctions regimes around the world, as the international community braced itself to deal with brutal regimes and threats to international peace and security. Although by no means a new tool for dealing with conflicts, sanctions were increasingly refined in the 1990s to target the transgressors rather than ordinary citizens. While they are not the sole agents of change, sanctions are important instruments in the diplomatic armoury available to international actors.