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African Institutions (386)

Thursday, 24 April 2008

SADC Barometer

The SADC Barometer, a quarterly periodical published by SAIIA from 2003-2005, focused on key issues and trends affecting the Southern African Development Community. It formed part of a two-year project, funded by the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation and the US Agency for International Development, to monitor progress toward regional integration and development.
A summary of discussions, as well as two presentations may be found by clicking on the links below. Summary of discussions Presentation: Dr Yenkong Ngangjoh-Hodu (Nordic Africa Institute) Presentation: Jorge Peydro Aznar (EC delegation in South Africa)
Please find below a summary of the key discussion points, two powerpoint presentations, and press coverage of the event: Summary of discussions Presentation: Paul Kalenga (advisor to SADC Secretariat and the RTFP) Presentation: Mark Pearson (director, RTFP) Press coverage: "SADC-EU partnerships are unlikely by year-end"Business Report, 03 April "SADC tariff deal with EU now 'unlikely this year'" Business Day, 17 April
China and southern Africa have received growing international attention in recent years, but for very different reasons. As a rising, rapidly modernizing power, China - already a permanent member of the UN Security Council - is now on the verge of coveted G8 membership and a powerful role in the World Trade Organization.
THERE is much discussion in South African government circles about formulating an African development strategy. Many elements are being implemented by a multitude of government departments and agencies. But one relatively new element should be high on the agenda: the possibility of expanding the Southern African Customs Union (Sacu).
FREE-trade area talks between the Southern African Customs Union (Sacu) and the US are a bit like the children’s film, The Never Ending Story. Except this story may not have a happy ending. Rumours out of Washington suggest the US may be about to walk away from the talks. Evidently, strategic calculations — and associated posturing — are afoot.
China’s rise is inevitable. As long as it remains an outward-oriented economy, China will continue to drive restructuring processes in manufacturing all over the world, particularly in countries that have until now enjoyed the advantages of relatively cheap labour.
THE Southern African Development Community (SADC) is not sexy. The media only takes an interest in it when trade negotiations with the European Union hit (another) snag, or when it is time for SADC heads of state to meet. Even then attention spans generally do not extend beyond the SADC’s messy politics.
THE mixed results achieved at the close of the Pan African Parliament’s third sitting provide food for thought. While it commendably resolved to send peace missions to Côte d’Ivoire and Congo, and made cogent recommendations on the Darfur conflict, it missed opportunities to exercise a crucial function of parliaments: that of oversight.
Von Ayesha KajeeJuly 2005Vor einem Jahr schuf die Afrikanische Union ihr Panafrikanisches Parlament. Die Bilanz bisher ist durchwachsen: Die Abgeordneten votierten einerseits für Friedensmissionen in Côte d’Ivoire und Kongo und gaben Empfehlungen für den Darfur-Konflikt. Andererseits verpassten sie einige Gelegenheiten, eine wesentliche Funktion von Parlamenten auszuüben: Kontrolle. Die Versammlung braucht mutige Vertreter, die verhindern, dass sie zu einem bloßen Debattierklub verkommt.
Article 4 of the Treaty of the Southern African Development Community of 1992 stipulates that 'human rights, democracy and the rule of law' are principles guiding the acts of its members. Article 5 of the Treaty outlines the objectives of SADC, which commits the Member States to 'promote common political values, systems and other shared values which are transmitted through institutions, which are democratic, legitimate and effective'. It also commits Member States to 'consolidate, defend and maintain democracy, peace, security and stability' in the region.
When the Pan African Parliament (PAP) began its fourth sitting late last month, it seemed that the pomp and ceremony accompanying the unveiling of the assembly’s new chambers would not be matched by any increase in the initiative displayed by its members.
Khartoum wants to restrict any future role for the United Nations role in Darfur.The Sudanese capital Khartoum is fraught with diplomatic tension as political manoeuvring continues over how to bring peace to the war-torn western province of Darfur.
Peer Review and Nepad: Zimbabwe - The Litmus Test for African Credibility by Denis Venter, political and economic risk analyst, Africa Consultancy & Research Unit
The Kebble-Maduna saga, the arms deal, the mining charter and mining royalty bill have thrown into sharp relief the complex and often fraught relationship between business and government. It also brings into question the critical rules of engagement.
A prevailing dilemma for leaders from the Group of Eight (G8) and Africa centres on the future prospects of the much-hailed New Partnership for Africa's Development (Nepad).
Edited by Greg Mills & Elizabeth SidiropoulosSAIIA: 2004ISBN: 1-919969-10-1 Pages: 200Price: R80,00The 1990s and 2000s witnessed a proliferation of UN sanctions regimes around the world, as the international community braced itself to deal with brutal regimes and threats to international peace and security. Although by no means a new tool for dealing with conflicts, sanctions were increasingly refined in the 1990s to target the transgressors rather than ordinary citizens. While they are not the sole agents of change, sanctions are important instruments in the diplomatic armoury available to international actors.
Edited by Elizabeth Sidiropoulos, Dianna Games, Peter Fabricius, Ross Herbert, Tim Hughes, Richard Gibb, Greg MillsRoyal Danish Ministry of Foreign Affairs: 2002rISBN: 87-7964-562-3 Pages: 154Price: R80,00
Edited by Richard Gibb, Tim Hughes, Greg Mills & Tapani VaahtorantaSAIIA: 2002ISBN: 1-919810-44-7 Pages: 214The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) has, in the few short months since its drafting in Abuja in October 2001, become the accepted blueprint for the recovery of a continent dismissed by The Economist as ‘hopeless’. The ambitious programme has been adopted by the African Union and is supported by the G-8, thus establishing, in principle, the basis for the ‘partnership’ that conceptually sets NEPAD apart from the 18 African recovery plans that have preceded it.
SACU turns 100 This year the Southern African Customs Union (SACU), the oldest customs union in the world, marks its 100th anniversary.  This centenary comes amidst upheavals in global economics, paralysis in the multilateral trading system, and the organization’s own trials notably the split precipitated by the Economic Partnership Agreement negotiations with the European Union. In a historically unprecedented move SACU heads of state and government met for the first time ever on April 22nd and issued a joint communiqué reaffirming their confidence in SACU’s future.
The 15th AU Summit The theme of the 15th African Union Summit in Kampala, Uganda (19-27 July 2010) is “Maternal, Infant and Child Health and Development in Africa”, but Africa’s ongoing conflicts and challenges will also be discussed. The 13th African Peer Review Mechanism Forum meets on 24 July – observers expect some indication of the future direction of Africa’s main governance monitoring process.
In this report, the second in the NEPAD POLICY FOCUS series published by SAIIA's Nepad and Governance Project, Peter Farlam draws lessons from the experience of implementing public-private partnerships.
Reality is a hard taskmaster. It can be the spoiler of grand ideals, but also the voice of reason. Within two weeks of each other, the European Union and the African Union held their mid-year summits: the former hoped to save some elements of its stalled constitutional process; the latter envisaged the edifice of continental government. The outcomes of both were compromises ... as is the habit of summits.
STRONG CRITICISM of the methods used by South Africa in implementing the African Union's Peer Review Mechanism processes as part of the ambitious Nepad (New Partnership for Africa's Democracy) initiative was voiced at a workshop which discussed the "lessons learned" during the APRM reviews of the first four countries. The workshop, conducted by the South African Institute of International Affairs, one of the technical research organisations engaged by the SA government for the country's APRM process, at Muldersdrift near Johannesburg in September.
Head: Governance and APRM Programme
Position: Deputy Programme HeadProgramme: Governance and APRM Programme
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