This paper unpacks Tanzania’s investment laws and their impact on the development of the country’s agricultural sector. It discusses current government-led policies and initiatives that aim to stimulate growth in Tanzania’s agricultural sector while improving the socio-economic conditions of smallholder farmers.
Tanzania is attracting significant private sector interest in its agricultural sector; whether these initiatives are successful at balancing investors’ needs with development goals remains questionable. The paper discusses some of the successes and difficulties surrounding public–private partnerships and their inclusion of smallholder farmers in growing value chains. It also offers policy recommendations that identify how farmers can be better incorporated into value chains, and identifies the remaining bottlenecks in policy reforms and integration processes.