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North Africa (190)

The integration of transport networks within Africa has long been a priority for the continent, for reasons of trade and political development. Last week, the dream to connect all major African cities through a high-speed railway network took a critical step forward with the signing of a five-year action plan between the African Union and China.
The US Congress passed the African Growth and Opportunity (AGOA) Act into law in 2000 in order to promote US and African trade relations and contribute to economic development on the African continent through export-led growth. AGOA and the US – African trade relationship has been placed under the spotlight in recent months, particularly with regards to the extension of the Act towards September 2015 and around South Africa’s continued benefits under the programme (as the largest AGOA beneficiary). 
SAIIA Research Report No 22, February 2016 Download - English Governance and APRM Programme Africa’s turn to electoral democracy over the past three decades has rightly been hailed as a significant achievement, but it has not rid the continent of restrictive and authoritarian governance impulses. This report attempts to interrogate the concept of ‘freedom’ and how it is faring in Africa. To do so, it conceptualises freedom in terms of ‘constitutional liberalism’, and discusses this conceptualisation in relation to two broad themes: constitutionalism and civil liberties.
In March 2015 a group of 25 prominent academics and development co-operation experts from the global South gathered in Midrand, South Africa to discuss a common analytical framework for South−South co-operation.
If tabloid headlines are anything to go by, the United Kingdom is fighting off the greatest invasion force threatening the island since the Blitz. The invaders this time are migrants and asylum seekers sneaking a ride on lorries, trains and ferries to get across – or underneath – the English Channel.
On 6 May 2015, SAIIA's Western Cape Branch hosted a public seminar addressed by Dr Hussein Solomon, on 'Understanding Terrorism in Africa: how much of a threat is ISIS?'
Thursday, 26 September 2013

Arab Spring, Islamist Harvest?

Many writers have suggested that the recent developments in the Arab world constitute more than uprisings, but are actually full blown revolutions, or thawrat to use the Arabic term. SAIIA hosted a members' only meeting addressed by Yacoob Abba Omar on this very topical issue.
Sunday, 14 July 2013

Egypt's unrest

At the beginning of July, millions of Egyptians marched to demand that Egypt’s first democratically elected President Mohamed Morsi resign. He was overthrown by the military on 3 July 2013 and the head of the Supreme Constitutional Court, Adly Mansour, was installed as interim president. Hazem el-Beblawi, a 76-year-old liberal economist became interim prime minister to govern under a temporary constitution until parliamentary elections could be held in the next six months.
Event description: The South African Institute of International Affairs, Western Cape Branch, invites you to a public seminar to be addressed by Dr Boy Geldenhuys "Inside Syria and Egypt After the Arab Spring" atThe Mountain Club of SA, 97 Hatfield Street, Gardens, Cape Town on Thursday 7 February 2013 at 5:00 for 5:30 pm Light refreshments will be served before the event Entrance for non-members is R30 or R15 on presentation of a current student identity card.  Parking is freely available on Hatfield Street.   Event Background Dr Barend Leendert (Boy) Geldenhuys (D.Litt. et Phil: B.Th) studied at the universities…
In 2013, the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM) celebrates its 10th 2013. SAIIA's Yarik Turianskyi speaks to Kojo Busia, Chief of UNECA's APRM Support Section, ahead of the January African Union Summit and APRM Forum about the mechanism's past, present and future. Download the podcast [Duration: 11min 40sec]
A new Global Economic Governance Africa (GEGAfrica) website has just been launched. Featuring the latest analysis, news, videos and documents from around the world, the GEGAfrica website is set to be the primary knowledge centre in Africa on global economic governance issues such as the G20, BRICS, G7/8, IBSA, the World Bank, and the International Monetary Fund. 
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 57, October 2012
Monday, 08 October 2012

The situation in Libya

9 October 2012: Libya's parliament ousted the country's new prime minister in a no-confidence vote on Sunday, the latest blow to hopes that political factions could agree on a government charged with restoring stability after last year's civil war. Mustafa Abushagur was the first prime minister to be elected after the 2011 overthrow of dictator Moammar Gaddafi. Yekaterina Kudashkina from the global broadcaster Voice of Russia speaks to SAIIA researcher Tom Wheeler to hear his analysis of the prospects for Libya's future, in light of these recent developments. [Duration: 9min 14sec] Watch the video
In his public address at Jan Smuts House on 3 September, the Deputy Minister of International Affairs and Cooperation, the Honorable Ebrahim Ebrahim asserted the primacy the South African government places on the negotiated settlement of disputes in the attainment of sustainable peace and security on the continent and elsewhere.
South African Institute of International Affairs cordially invites you to a Speaker’s Meeting to be addressed by Honourable Deputy Minister Ebrahim Ebrahim Department of International Relations and Cooperation, Republic of South AfricaVenue: Jan Smuts House
The Economic Diplomacy Programme at SAIIA as well as the International Development Law Unit at the University of Pretoria recently launched their ground-breaking project on global economic governance. This is the first project of its kind in Africa. 
South African Institute of International Affairs invites you to a roundtable discussion to be addressed by Professor Jan Wouter on "Libya and the Arab Spring – R2P, human rights and the role of regional organisations"Venue: Jan Smuts House
An unexpected wave of popular protests broke on Africa's northern shores in 2011, starting with the political demise of the Tunisian and Egyptian presidents, leading to more deadly conflict in Libya. These events – particularly those in Libya – have divided the African Union (AU), and shaken the organisation's fragile new foundations of democracy promotion and conflict prevention.
On the eve of the first year anniversary of the Arab uprisings, it is useful to reflect on the state of EU-Africa relations, particularly in the aftermath of the prominent role played by key EU member states in Libya.
With the death on 20 October 2011 of Muammar Gaddafi, Libya enters a new and precarious phase. This special SAIIA feature addresses a series of inter-related internal, regional, and international security and political implications of developments in the country.
In life realities on the ground often lay waste to the best-laid plans. So has it been for the AU in the Libyan crisis. Since the rebels entered Tripoli on August 21 the hand-wringing around the AU’s marginalisation by Nato during the campaign has reached a crescendo. In that period, the Transitional National Council (TNC) has been recognised as the legitimate government in Libya by many states, including 20 from Africa; there has been a diplomatic flurry of activity on both sides of the Mediterranean with pledges for reconstruction assistance… and oil contracts; and the Libya Contact Group met in…
On 23 August 2011, Tom Wheeler, former Ambassador and Research Associate at SAIIA, spoke to Lerato Mbele on CNBC Africa's Beyond Markets show on the meaning of the developments in Libya. Also feauring in this show is Daniel Kinnear, Senior Executive Associate at the Africa Strategy Group. [Duration: 10min 49sec] Watch the videoThis video is copyright of ABN Digital/ CNBC Africa.        
Since taking up its seat as a non-permanent member of the United Nations Security Council (UNSC) in January 2011, South Africa has been at the vanguard of global geopolitical developments. The recent uprisings in North Africa, in countries such as Tunisia and Egypt, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation’s (NATO) enforcement of Resolution 1973 in Libya have received international attention. Despite initially having voted for Resolution 1973, South Africa is now highly critical of its implementation, championing instead the African Union’s position to find a political solution for Libya.
Among some African commentators - official, professional, and self-appointed - there is often what amounts to a form of paranoia about the role of the International Criminal Court (ICC). Such attitudes result from a lack of information and gross prejudice. On 17July 2011, the president of the International Criminal Court, Judge Sang-Hyun Song of Korea, issued a statement to celebrate the Day of International Criminal Justice. He called for the people of the world to "remain united in our resolve to defeat impunity and the lawlessness, brutality and disdain for human dignity that it represents."
On Saturday, 9 July 2011, Southern Sudan will celebrate its independence from Northern Sudan. Independence for the south has wide ranging implications for the region: firstly, in terms of the impact it will have on relations with Northern Sudan and, secondly, in terms of unresolved border issues such as the disputed district of Abyei. Southern Sudan’s independence is also significant due to the challenge it presents the north and south in terms of managing its new border, and to find a deal on the export of oil from Southern Sudan through the northern pipeline and refinery infrastructures. For South Africa,…
As published in The New Age 31 May 2011 At a recent public discussion of events unfolding in North Africa and the Middle East, Na’eem Jeenah of the Afro Middle East Centre in Johannesburg spoke of how these days, events that used to take decades unfold in just weeks.
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