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Governance of Africa’s Resources

Based in Cape Town, GARP provides advisory and research support to governments and other stakeholders on governing Africa’s natural resources to maximise their equitable and sustainable development contributions. Regular field research, policy convening and dialogue activities are led by GARP experts in the three focal areas of mining and development; energy and the green economy; and the governance of ecosystems and commons resources (including fisheries and forestry).

Increasingly acknowledged as an influential African voice on resource governance, the programme works closely with local, regional and other international partners, including through the SAIIA Change-Makers forum and the Governance of Africa’s Resources Research Network (GARN). Co-ordinated by GARP, the network facilitates capacity-building, knowledge-sharing and the up-scaling of research outputs beyond the respective national levels.

View a playlist of videos related to this programme on YouTube. Contact the programme on resourcegov[@]saiia.org.za.

The usual flurry of analyses has followed President Jacob Zuma’s annual state of the nation address. From a resource governance perspective, there are three things worth examining in further detail given the president’s off the cuff remarks during his address - to both the management of mines and the unions - that actions that damage the economy would not be tolerated.  
Recent years have witnessed the multiplication of energy-related events, policies and initiatives in South Africa. On the eve of the 6th Africa Energy Indaba (AEI) which takes place in Sandton, Johannesburg from 18 to 20 February 2014, this self-proclaimed ‘highest profile energy event’ on the continent seeks to bring together global and national energy stakeholders, government officials and business delegations to debate critical emerging issues for the sector.
Despite the well-researched and recognised socio-economic and ecological values of mangroves worldwide, mangrove ecosystems are among the world’s most threatened vegetation types. More than half of all original forests have already been lost.
SAIIA Policy Briefing No 83, February 2014
Mangroves are invaluable for fuel, fishing, climate change, disaster protection and tourism, but are rarely valued and protected appropriately. We spoke to Romy Chevallier, a researcher with SAIIA's Governance of Africa's Resources Programme who has recently been to Mozambique to conduct field research on mangroves, about this rare and misunderstood resource.
SAIIA's Governance of Africa's Resources Programme (GARP) cordially invites you to the Indaba Roundtable on Resolving labour tensions in African mining on 3 February 2014 in Cape Town.
The increasingly adversarial nature of labour relations is having a dampening effect on South Africa’s mining investment prospects. On the eve of the 2014 African Mining Indaba (3 to 6 February 2014), observers worried about the persistent labour crisis and its likely long-term effect on investor sentiment should pay attention to three key pressure points. In conjunction, they will determine the future viability of South Africa’s mining industry.
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE  Dear Editors,  30 January 2014  SAIIA research ahead of the '20th Annual Investing in Africa Mining Indaba' from 3 to 6 February 2014 Various government, business and civil society groups will gather in Cape Town next week for the 20th Annual Investing in Africa Mining Indaba from 3 to 6 February 2014. The South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA), has over the last number of years, been focused on developments in the South African and the African mining sector.
Billed as the world’s largest mining investment event, the annual Investing in African Mining Indaba takes place from 3 to 6 February 2014 in Cape Town, South Africa. Now in its 20th year, the event is expected to draw almost 8,000 participants, including representatives of more than 1,500 companies and 45 African and non-African government delegations. 
The extraction of natural resources in Africa, such as oil, gas, diamonds and gold, is a critically important issue for the development and self-reliance of the continent. We spoke to the head of the Governance of Africa's Resources Programme at SAIIA, Oladiran Bello, about measures to ensure that revenues from this booming industry can be transparently and effectively managed.
South Africans appear to have become accustomed to perpetual strike action, especially in the mining industry. It is an unhealthy sign of succumbing to the status quo, having relinquished faith that a solution is in fact possible.
Somalia-based piracy attacks have decreased significantly in the course of 2013. As international efforts to combat Somali-based piracy begin to deliver results, however, there is growing concern over the marked increase in piracy incidents in the Gulf of Guinea, particularly targeted at the region’s oil and gas sector.
The Marikana massacre in August 2012 forever altered the South African mining industry, particularly in the way labour unions and mining companies relate to each other. We spoke to SAIIA Research Fellow, Ross Harvey, about the state of the industry today.
Northam Platinum Mine and the National Union of Mineworkers (NUM) are currently embroiled in a protracted labour dispute. To date, the strike has cost the mine R360m in lost revenue and workers R50m in lost basic wages. Northam has revised its offer three times, whereas NUM has failed to budge. This dispute is the latest in a long line of strikes that have devastated the mining industry since early 2012.
Fishing in Africa represents a significant source of income, particularly at the local community level. We spoke to SAIIA Senior Researcher, Alex Benkenstein, about the state of fisheries in Africa, and priorities for their management.
SAIIA Report No 14, November 2013  Download - English (1.13 MB) Governance of Africa's Resources ProgrammeDespite their well-researched and widely recognised socioeconomic and ecological value, mangroves are among the world’s most threatened vegetation types. More than a fifth of the world’s mangroves have been lost over the past 30 years alone, and many of the remaining forests are degraded. The depletion of mangroves in many developing countries in particular is a cause for serious environmental and economic concern.
Contrary to the urgent calls for the reform of the Kimberley Process (KP), its year-end plenary took place in Johannesburg from 19 to 22 November 2013 without a breakthrough on the pressing reform questions. The outgoing chair, South Africa, will now handover to China in early 2014, with Angola in line to take the helm in 2015. Neither successor is likely to push hard on the reform front, underlying the extent to which South Africa’s own tenure had been a missed opportunity.
World Fisheries Day, celebrated each year on 21 November 2013, comes at a time when the South African Parliament is considering legislation that many feel will finally give small-scale fisheries a rightful stake in the country’s marine resources.
Close to half of the African continent is covered by dryland forests and these ecosystems support the livelihoods of more than 60 per cent of its citizens. However, we underestimate the value of dryland forests and SAIIA Researcher Mari-Lise Du Preez explains why they are essential.
Sunday, 10 November 2013

SAIIA's work on climate change

The 19th Conference of Parties (COP19) under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) gets under way in Warsaw, Poland from 11 to 22 November 2013. SAIIA is doing extensive work on issues of climate change and is keenly watching the progress of the negotiations in the Polish capital. Below are a selection of resources SAIIA has produced on this issue.
From 11 to 22 November 2013, members of the United Nations meet for the 19th Annual Conference of the Parties of the United Nations Framework Convention for Climate Change, or COP19. SAIIA researcher Romy Chevallier has attended the last number of COP meetings. 
On 22 and 23 October 2013 SAIIA’s Governance of Africa’s Resources Programme and the Food, Agriculture and Natural Resources (FANR) Directorate of the Southern African Development Community (SADC) co-hosted a conference titled ‘Best practice in the governance of Africa’s dryland forests: Implications for Southern Africa’. The event aimed to galvanise support for the dryland forests of Southern Africa among the public and private sectors, civil society and development partners.
By prioritising consensus among its state parties and industry stakeholders in defiance of calls by civil society organisations (CSOs) for governance-enhancing reform, the Kimberley Process Diamond Certification Scheme (KPCS or KP) risks sleep-walking into irrelevance.
SAIIA Occasional Paper No 156, October 2013
At an energy stakeholder meeting in parliament held on 19 September 2013, all four presentations by the nuclear lobby – including the Department of Energy (DOE) – typified what behavioural economist Daniel Kahneman calls a ‘planning fallacy’. This essentially describes plans and forecasts that ‘are unrealistically close to best-case scenarios [and] could be improved by consulting statistics of similar cases’.