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Governance and APRM Programme

Good governance assists countries to adhere to the rule of law, enhance economic performance and minimise conflict. This programme seeks to stimulate informed discussion and insightful research on governance in Africa, through the lens of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM), the continent’s innovative governance monitoring and promotion instrument. The GAP programme also works with civil society organisations to strengthen their interest and meaningful participation in the APRM and related processes in the emerging African Governance Architecture (AGA). We aim to improve the ability of the APRM to contribute to governance reforms, institutions and processes. As a result SAIIA is widely seen as the leading independent authority on the APRM.

The current programme is a collaboration between SAIIA and the Electoral Institute for Sustainable Democracy in Africa (EISA). GAP also works with the APRM Secretariat on a project to enhance the interaction of the Pan-African Parliament with the APRM.

The International Criminal Court, ICC, made legal history last October when it issued arrest warrants for key rebel leaders in northern Uganda. But reeling in the suspects is likely to prove extremely difficult, and will only be possible if neighbouring states are forced to cooperate with the detention order.
Khartoum wants to restrict any future role for the United Nations role in Darfur.The Sudanese capital Khartoum is fraught with diplomatic tension as political manoeuvring continues over how to bring peace to the war-torn western province of Darfur.
Sweden offers a prison cell as debate continues over where former Liberian leader Charles Taylor should stand trial. A decision by the Swedish parliament to allow former Liberian president Charles Taylor to be imprisoned in Sweden if he is convicted of war crimes has removed a major blockage to a trial in The Hague.
The Central African Republic’s former president may face prosecution at the International Criminal Court. After years of being overshadowed by its neighbours, the Central African Republic, ravaged by decades of civil strife, and among the world’s poorest nations, looks set to win much-needed attention as the focus of a high-profile prosecution at the International Criminal Court, ICC.
Widespread dissemination of misperceptions may impede peace negotiations.The summary expulsion of Jan Pronk, the United Nations’ envoy to Sudan, from that country this month, following remarks he made on the Darfur conflict, reflects the Khartoum government's unilateral and uncompromising stance towards any of its detractors.
There are widespread fears that the eventual loser in the presidential race will revert to violence.At the end of the last millennium, the Democratic Republic of Congo, DRC, truly seemed to be, in Joseph Conrad's words, Africa’s “Heart of Darkness”.
eAfrica, Volume 2, February 2004 TANGANDA, the largest tea producer in Zimbabwe and one of the country’s most important exporters, had a pretty good crop last year. Despite low rains, it put Z$ 18 billion in profits on the books.
Peer Review and Nepad: Zimbabwe - The Litmus Test for African Credibility by Denis Venter, political and economic risk analyst, Africa Consultancy & Research Unit
As featured in SAPA report carried by, 2 February 2005 Independent analyst Dren Nupen said that although Zimbabwe had an electoral commission in place in accordance with Southern African Development Community (SADC) norms and guidelines, it was 'stacked' with supporters of the leading Zanu-PF party.
As featured in the SAPA report carried by, 2 February 2005 A discussion hosted by the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA) on Wednesday painted a bleak picture of the possibility of free and fair elections in Zimbabwe
Kaapstad - Waarnemergroepe wat die Zimbabwiese verkiesing wil bywoon, sal 'binne die volgende paar dae' hul uitnodigings ontvang, het 'n senior Zimbabwiese diplomaat gister gesê.
Herewith the most recent listing of news and media items relating to Zimbabwe's Parliamentary Elections 2005. February 2005 Zanu-PF dink aan regverdige verslaggroepe vir verkiesing: Zim nooi 'regte' waarnemers deur Mandy Rossouw, soos gepubliseer in Beeld , 11 February 2005Time for tough love from Zimbabwe's neighbours - A second look by Greg Mills, as featured in the Mail and Guardian, 11 February 2005Outlook bleak for Zimbabwe elections, as featured in the SAPA report carried by, 2 February 2005Electoral commission not independent, as featured in the SAPA report carried by, 2 February 2005 Peer Review and Nepad: Zimbabwe -…
Arraignment of Congolese militia leader welcomed by many campaigners as milestone in protection of children’s rights. The conscription of children under the age of 15 in war is internationally-recognised as a war crime, yet child-soldiers have been used in almost all of the wars fought in Africa over the past three decades. Children from Liberia to Zimbabwe have been brutalised and turned into killing machines in conflicts whose motivations and origins they scarcely understand, and the warlords who press-gang them have generally done so with impunity.
This publication, from 2005, offers an overview of Zimbabwean politics, and recovery scenarios.
Sudan’s optimistically-named government of national unity was formed after the signing of a comprehensive peace agreement in January last year.
A new study seeks to raise awareness of women’s changing roles in migration and assess the impact of remittances sent by women migrants on the SADC region. Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic. Gender, Remittances and Development: Preliminary Findings from Selected SADC Countries (link),” published by the United Nations International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (UN-INSTRAW) and the South African Institute of International Affairs (SAIIA), with support from the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), highlights the growing impact of women’s migration on households, families and communities in selected countries of the Southern African Development Community (SADC).
Edited by Neuma Grobbelaar SAIIA: 2003ISBN: 1-919969-11-X Pages: 207 Chapter 5 has been translated into Portuguese for our Portuguese readers Africa has the world's largest mine contamination problem and over 30 states are affected. However, Southern African states have endorsed an anti-personnel mine free zone and are dealing with the problem through their national mine action programmes.
When floor crossing was first introduced its expediency was camouflaged in the diaphanous cloak of “conscience”. If it was diaphanous then, it has no semblance of apparel now. And the emperor has been exposed.
Mark ShawSAIIA: 2003ISBN: 1-919810-49-8 Pages: 84 Many commentators point to Southern Africa’s resident West African population (by which they mean Nigerians) as the source of lawless activity in the region. However, there has been little research on the causes and growth of West African criminal networks operating in Southern Africa. Crime as Business, Business as Crime: West African Criminal Networks in Southern Africa provides an overview and an analysis of the problem.
Edited by Richard Gibb, Tim Hughes, Greg Mills & Tapani VaahtorantaSAIIA: 2002ISBN: 1-919810-44-7 Pages: 214The New Partnership for Africa’s Development (NEPAD) has, in the few short months since its drafting in Abuja in October 2001, become the accepted blueprint for the recovery of a continent dismissed by The Economist as ‘hopeless’. The ambitious programme has been adopted by the African Union and is supported by the G-8, thus establishing, in principle, the basis for the ‘partnership’ that conceptually sets NEPAD apart from the 18 African recovery plans that have preceded it.
By Neuma Grobbelaar, Greg Mills and Elizabeth SidiropoulosSAIIA: 2003ISBN: 1-919810-50-1Pages: 112The end of Angola’s decades-long civil war in April 2002 has provided Angolans with an opportunity to rebuild their war-ravaged country. As Africa’s second-largest oil producer and the world’s fourth largest producer of diamonds, Angola has the potential to be a powerful economic force in Southern Africa. It has long been a military power, not shy in using its martial abilities both within and outside its borders.
By Mark ShawSAIIA: 2002ISBN: 1-919810-50-1 Pages: 70A number of countries in Africa, Latin America and Eastern Europe which have undergone a transition from authoritarian rule to democracy in the last two decades have experienced similar problems of lawlessness. Not only have levels of crime increased but comparable problems of policing and law enforcement exist, such as the spread of corruption within law enforcement agencies, excessive levels of police brutality, the loss of public confidence in the police and the growth of non-state forms of policing.
By Mark ShawSAIIA: 2001ISBN: 1-919810-25-0 Pages: 109The process of police transformation in societies undergoing transition is an issue of some importance. This has certainly been the case in both South Africa and Northern Ireland where questions of policing change are critical to the success of the process of political compromise as well as the sustainability of post-transition democratic systems.
The 15th AU Summit The theme of the 15th African Union Summit in Kampala, Uganda (19-27 July 2010) is “Maternal, Infant and Child Health and Development in Africa”, but Africa’s ongoing conflicts and challenges will also be discussed. The 13th African Peer Review Mechanism Forum meets on 24 July – observers expect some indication of the future direction of Africa’s main governance monitoring process.
The Minister of Public Service and Administration, Richard Baloyi,addressing the audience at a scoping workshop held at SAIIA, ‘Developing the Capacity of Civil Society to Track the Implementation of the African Peer Review Mechanism (APRM).’ on 12 October 2010  See his speech here.
In this report, the second in the NEPAD POLICY FOCUS series published by SAIIA's Nepad and Governance Project, Peter Farlam draws lessons from the experience of implementing public-private partnerships.
Business in Africa Report, No 9, 2007 by Judi Hudson SAIIA: 2007ISBN: 1-919969-16-0Published by SAIIA and sponsored by the Royal Danish Embassy in Pretoria Once a pariah state, South Africa now ‘seems poised to dominate the continent that once shunned its products and leaders’. The situation is somewhat different in Kenya. In effect, that country has managed to keep the South African business heavyweights at arm’s length. The experiences of South African companies doing business in Kenya show us that we cannot separate the successes from the problems of doing business in Africa. Indeed, some Kenyans have perceived some of…
STRONG CRITICISM of the methods used by South Africa in implementing the African Union's Peer Review Mechanism processes as part of the ambitious Nepad (New Partnership for Africa's Democracy) initiative was voiced at a workshop which discussed the "lessons learned" during the APRM reviews of the first four countries. The workshop, conducted by the South African Institute of International Affairs, one of the technical research organisations engaged by the SA government for the country's APRM process, at Muldersdrift near Johannesburg in September.
SAIIA's Global Best Practice report series, produced in 2005 and 2006, offers case studies of various sectors and issues, with the aim of assessing their potential applicability in the African developmental context.
IN THEIR first referendum since 1963, Kenyans took to the polling booth in November to vote on a new constitution. The result was a resounding 'no' vote that was both stinging rebuke to incumbent president Mwai Kibaki and a sign of intensifying political conflict.