The Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway is a cross-border transportation and logistics project linking Georgia, Turkey and Azerbaijan. It started operation in November 2017, revolutionising the economic and people-to-people exchanges between these three countries. It also connected larger Central Asia and the Caucasus regions to China and Western Europe. In this sense it fits into plans to ease cross-border development between countries in the region (the Middle Corridor Initiative) while also fitting into the larger Belt and Road Initiative, which will connect China and Europe overland and over sea.
The railway is an example of how railway technology can be used to weave together countries into organically operating economic subregions. This is exactly what African governments hope can be achieved on the continent.
Africa is currently planning several ambitious cross-border railway links, including a line running between Johannesburg, Swaziland and Maputo, as well as the Standard Gauge Railway Project that will connect East African states from Burundi to Djibouti. The latter expansion is also part of the Belt and Road Initiative.
What can Africa learn from the experience of planning and realising the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railway? Which opportunities and pitfalls should African planners consider? How should Belt and Road-related cross-border rail expansion work? This half-day seminar provides a rare opportunity for African planners to learn lessons from the experiences of the Baku-Tbilisi-Kars railway project.
View presentations here:
pdf Transport Corridors of Azerbaijan (2.86 MB) by Mr Azad Nagiyev
pdf Baku-Tbilisi-Kars Railroad and Turkey’s Vision For Regional Integrated Transport Corridors (2.46 MB) by Mr Niyazi Evren Akyol
Click here to watch 'The New Silk Road: Connecting Asia and Europe Railnetwork Aktau-Baku-Tbilisi-Kars' video