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Somalia (16)

SAIIA Research Report No 24, November 2016

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Foreign Policy Programme

As the global development landscape continues to evolve, new and emerging actors – countries transitioning from being aid recipients to aid providers – are becoming increasingly visible on the global scene. Although the approaches, interests and resources of emerging donors are far from uniform, their increasing presence in global development – particularly in fragile and conflict-affected settings – could create new ways of thinking about foreign aid and contribute to more horizontal, equitable and efficient practices. The rise of these donors also poses challenges: their compliance with international standards in development assistance, the effectiveness of their aid and the inclusivity of their efforts have often been questioned.

In 2011, at the height of piracy attacks along the Somali coastline and the Gulf of Aden, 237 separate attacks were reported. This figure has fallen drastically over the years, with only 12 attacks being reported in 2014. This decline has been attributed to the collective efforts of the international community to address Somali piracy.
Just over a month ago, President Uhuru Kenyatta of Kenya wrote an op-ed about the tremendous opportunities that were opening up to Kenya and east Africa from their geographical positioning in one of the world’s most dynamic regions – the Indian Ocean Rim.
12 September 2012: Somalia's Parliament elected a new president of the country's fledgling government on September 10th, a move that members of the international community say is a key step toward the east African nation's transition from a war-torn failed state to a nation with an effective government. Lisa Otto, a researcher with SAIIA who has studied piracy in the Gulf of Aden, was invited to appear on CNBC Africa's Political Exchange show. Along with fellow panellist Professor Faried Essack from the University of Johannesburg, she discusses whether this optimism is matched by political and security realities on the ground…
12 September 2012: Somalia's Parliament elected a new president of the country's fledgling government on September 10th, a move that members of the international community say is a key step toward the east African nation's transition from a war-torn failed state to a nation with an effective government.
With a two-decade long history of instability, upheaval and violence, Somalia has become the poster child of the failed state. With the end of the country’s transition in sight on August 20, the country should now find itself on the precipice of democracy. Instead, it is no nearer functional statehood than it was in 2004 when the Transitional Federal Government (TGF) was established under the leadership of Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed.
A three day conference to thrash out, among other things, a roadmap to a new constitution and elections within a year in Somalia kicked off in Mogadishu on 6 September 2011. It is the first major political conference since the start of a 2007 insurgency.
While the world’s attention is focused on scenes of barricades in central Cairo, the political and media spotlight has finally come to illuminate the social crisis underlying the Arab worlds’ dictatorial regimes. In 2008, Queen Rania of Jordan warned that unemployed youth in the Arab world constitute a ‘ticking time bomb’ which, if not diffused, could lead to social unrest. She was correct, if events in Tunisia and Egypt are anything to go by.
The New Age, 24 January 2011 On December 22 the UN Security Council agreed to a request by the African Union Commission to expand the existing Amisom (African Union Mission in Somalia) force in Somalia from 8000 to 12000 troops.
Thursday, 11 March 2010

Book Launch: Somaliland

The South African Institute of International Affairs and the Institute for Global Dialogue invites you to the launch of ‘Somaliland:  An African Struggle for Nationhood and International Recognition’ by Prof. Iqbal D Jhazbhay.Venue: Unisa Main Campus
Book Launch of ‘Somaliland: An African Struggle for Nationhood and International Recognition’ Dr Iqbal Jhazbhay’s much-anticipated book launch was held in Pretoria on 11 March, with an opening address by Minister in the Presidency, Collins Chabane that was delivered by National Security Adviser to the President, Ambassador Welile Nlhlapo. The book, hailed ‘a major scholarly success’, seeks to identify some of the lessons from Somaliland for Africa pertaining to reconciliation, reconstruction and recognition. To purchase copies of the book, please contact: pubs@saiia.org.za
Co-published with the Institute for Global Dialogue Somaliland has been described as an ‘inspiring story of resilience and reconstruction, and a truly African Renaissance, that has many lessons to teach the rest of Africa and the international community’. This study seeks to identify some of those lessons, particularly those pertaining to Somaliland’s sustained efforts to create internal unity and gain regional and international recognition. Based on extensive research in Somaliland, as well as a wealth of experience in the wider region, this book provides a vivid insight into this intriguing tale of reconciliation, reconstruction, religion, and recognition.
As published on All Africa on 5 October 2009 Last week the citizens of Somaliland were due to have elected their president for the next five years. However, they did not get to the polls, since elections were postponed for the fourth time. What does the future hold for the self-declared, independent, and unrecognised Somaliland in the Horn of Africa?
Pretoria should think long and hard about exposing its young men and women to a dangerous situation in what may be a fruitless quest for stability, writes Tom Wheeler. THE United Nations Security Council voted unanimously on December 6 to establish a regional peacekeeping force for Somalia and to promote negotiations between conflicting elements in the country. Funding for the force was to be voluntary. In agreeing to a regional force and turning over responsibility for establishing the force to the African Union, the council took account of African sensitivities, which call for African solutions to African problems.
By Kurt Shillinger7 October 2005, Business DayTHE three suicide bombings on the Indonesian island of Bali last weekend, coming so soon after similar attacks in Britain and Egypt, underscore two critical and correlative points.